Age does not pass anyone, and therefore, all the physiological changes caused by it, too. The most important of them relate to the extinction of reproductive function.
In relation to menopause, extremes are often observed: some perceive it as a disease, others do not attach any importance to changes in the body. Both can be to the detriment of women's health.
Read in this article.
Definition of menopause
The female reproductive system produces a reproductive cell every month, which, when combined with a sperm cell, enables the birth of a new life. In order to provide it, the ovaries, the uterus, and the brain regions work in a special way.
Over time, this possibility weakens, which is obviously expressed primarily by the more rare arrival of menstruation. After all, it is the period of breeding a degraded egg, creating opportunities for the emergence and maturation of a new one, as well as renewal of the endometrium.
It comes at the age of 45-55 years, has many signs and besides the extinction of the menstrual function.
Speaking of menopause, you should first clarify what menopause is. After all, the cessation of menstruation does not occur simultaneously, this process can last a year or more.
Establish that the woman began menopause, the doctor can only a year after the last menstrual period. And all this time the body is already working differently than before. All changes are caused by a decrease in the number of sex hormones. The speed of this process, the time of its occurrence and duration is influenced by many circumstances. The strongest of them:
the number of births, abortions, surgery on the reproductive organs,
- heredity, mainly along the female line,
- diseases that are not related to the reproductive sphere,
- postponed infections in adolescence,
- stresses, environmental conditions of life,
Understanding the essence of menopause, as it manifests itself, is easier, if it is at least minimally represented, than the release of the egg and the associated cyclic development of the reproductive system is ensured. The main role in this belongs to hormones, especially estrogens. With a sufficient amount, they act on the receptors of various organs involved in the renewal of the reproductive system:
- mammary glands,
- vaginal surfaces,
- pelvic floor muscles.
The brain, blood vessels, bones, bladder are not left aside from this. Accordingly, the manifestations of menopause in women in the absence of the influence of the hormone affect these organs. They can be combined into groups that have a common origin. But the cause of each is a decrease in the production of estrogen by the body.
Manifestations that overtake the woman first, are associated mainly with the vessels and the nervous system. Periodically, she feels like her entire body, especially her face, neck and chest, seems to be hot. This is due to the aspiration of blood to the upper half of the body.
The estrogen deficiency and the increase for this reason LH lead to changes in its circulation through the vessels. The body has not had time to adapt to the imbalance of hormones, so it loses its uniformity, which is expressed by the tides.
The blood activates the sweat glands, and the woman discovers that she has to wash more often to maintain the same sense of cleanliness. This is especially felt at night, causing insomnia.
Demonstrates the menopausal period symptoms of decreased estrogen concentration and in the area of emotions. A woman often changes her mood, from unnatural elation to excessive touchiness, tearfulness, unreasonable anxiety and irritability. In some cases, there is a real depression requiring treatment.
Some suffering from the manifestations of menopause complain of a lump in the throat that is constantly present. In most cases, this effect of negative emotions, but sometimes the cause of the manifestation may be a disease of the thyroid gland.
Symptoms of menopause due to changes in blood circulation lead to problems with pressure. Hormonal imbalance has an effect on the state of the vessels, they are then compressed, then unclenched. Hot flashes cause headaches and heart pain. These manifestations are observed more often in those who experience them up to 10 or even 20 times a day.
In general, there are 3 degrees of condition, in the last of which there are migraines and heart attacks. They are accompanied by insomnia and can lead to loss of work opportunities.
Lungs are considered manifestations of tension headache. It is weak, but rather frequent, it is easier to cope with it if you control emotions. They are the cause of it.
Heart pain is getting harder. It is caused by the lack of oxygen that occurs due to thickening of the vascular walls, reducing the blood supply to the myocardium. A woman sometimes does not have enough air, there are dizziness, blood pressure jumps and decreases sharply. Vascular disorders provoke nausea, sometimes vomiting.
Symptoms of the syndrome, directly related to the functioning of the reproductive system, appear quite clearly in all women. Monthly come much less frequently, the amount of discharge also varies. In most cases, it becomes less, but some suffer from abundant, then scanty menstrual bleeding.
Occur and allocation in the intervals between critical days. Anovulation becomes a characteristic sign of menstruation. This can be traced through regular measurements of rectal temperature.
In some women, the arrival of menstruation, on the contrary, increases. Actually, this does not mean that an egg cell matures with every bleeding. It can occur after sexual contact, that is, the source will be the vagina, not the endometrium.
Dry mucous membranes
Decreased hormone production leads to dryness.
The reduction and cessation of the production of estrogens makes the inevitable thinning of the surface of the genitals, dryness. This applies to the eyes, mouth and vagina. Such signs of menopause owe their existence and circulatory disorders.
The lack of oxygen, insomnia, depressed emotional state leads to dehydration of tissues. This is especially true of the eye area, where the skin is already thin and sensitive. Violations of fat and water metabolism provoke a lack of nutrition of the membranes. In the eyes there is discomfort, you have to blink more often, and any load on them increases dryness, leads to visual impairment.
Reducing the humidity of the oral mucosa is felt too. Because of it, there is an unpleasant dryness, until irresponsible tickling in the throat, burning, distortion of taste.
Women feel a new state due to changes in the internal genitals. Hormonal imbalance leads to dry surface of the vagina. Previously, his mucosa was thicker, actively producing mucus, providing comfort during sexual intercourse and not only supporting the microflora.
Now, thinning of the membrane, reducing the production of vaginal secretions leads to itching and pain in this area. Signs are intensified during vaginal sex.
Close to the reproductive urinary organs also respond to changes in the composition of hormones. One of the unpleasant signs of how menopause manifests itself is difficulty urinating. The desire to go to the toilet "in a small way" occurs more often and may be accompanied by pain.
In some women, involuntary urination occurs at the slightest physical exertion, even coughing or sneezing. This is caused by a weakened bladder sphincter. The reduction of estrogen leads to a decrease in the elasticity of the walls of the body, it does not so well hold even a small amount of fluid.
Decrease in sex drive
The libido of women in this period is significantly reduced. About how the menopause goes, there is a chance to find out and her partner, because the desire to have sex fades away.
The natural meaning of sexual desire lies in the implementation with its help of reproductive function. And now the ovaries cannot produce eggs, therefore, there is no biological need for sex.
Another reason for abandoning it has already been mentioned. It is vaginal dryness that interferes with lovemaking while delivering pain. His muscles are made less elastic.
Changes in hormonal balance do not occur without disrupting water, lipid, and mineral exchanges. On some of the manifestations of this has been said: excessive sweating and frequent urination. There are other symptoms of menopause:
- Slowing up lipid metabolism often leads to weight gain. The woman recovers, despite the fact that her appetite and diet remained the same.
- Disruption of mineral metabolism provokes a decrease in calcium in the structures of bones and teeth. They become more fragile 3-5 years after the onset of menopause.
- Failure of water metabolism leads to a noticeable decrease in skin elasticity. The epidermis becomes dimmer and drier, the number of wrinkles increases, they become more pronounced. Hair becomes thinner, their density decreases.
Does a woman need treatment?
Climax - a natural state at the appropriate age. But it is fraught with the threat of new diseases, including tumors, endocrine disorders, anemia.
However, when a woman suffers from menopause, treatment is necessary. Even if its manifestations do not cause much discomfort, the regularity of visits to the gynecologist should be maintained. It is better to show him 2 times a year, passing at the same time:
- Ultrasound of the pelvic organs,
- blood test for biochemistry
At the initial stage, menopause is treated with lifestyle changes, medicinal herbs. Given the increased sweating, it is better to wear a few blouses instead of a thick one, so that you can remove excess if necessary. Avoiding irritation of the mucous membranes and walls of the bladder, you should not abuse spicy and salty foods. Hard diets are contraindicated, they create prerequisites for stress and increased hormonal changes.
To relieve nervousness, increase the overall tone allows the use of:
- Soothing herbal bath. 10 art. l of a mixture of calamus root, thyme, yarrow, oregano, sage, pine buds brewed in a bucket of water to cool, filtered and added to the container. A 10-minute procedure will be sufficient.
- Birch broth inside. 30 leaves insist in 200 ml of boiling water for 6 hours. Drink per day in 3 divided doses for 2 weeks. After the course the same break follows, then another period of admission,
- Herbal assorted broth. 20 g of motherwort, 15 g of mistletoe leaves, the same number of marsh moths, 10 g of hawthorn flowers, 25 g of blackberry leaves are placed in 500 ml of boiling water, infused for 5 minutes and drunk as tea for 10 days.
We recommend reading the article about the critical days in menopause. You will learn what menopause is, menstrual disorders, the causes of prolonged bleeding these days.
Often, the symptoms in this difficult period are exacerbated, and more serious treatment is required. Specialists prescribe hormonal drugs in accordance with the signs of the condition, existing diseases and potential hazards for the emergence of new ones. These can be estrogen-containing agents, progestogens or combined:
Duphaston (it contains Dyrogesterone),
- Provera, Utrozhestan, Veropleks (progesterone series),
- Proginova, Ovestin (contain estradiol),
- Janine, Yarina, Diane35 (contain a combination of hormones).
To eliminate vascular manifestations use:
Reduce blood pressure drugs:
Supplement therapy well with vitamin complexes, preferring those that contain tocopherol and calcium.
When menopause, unpleasant symptoms and compulsory treatment in women can create a feeling of old age. But those who consider this period second youth are more right. There is a reason to pay more attention to health, to provide children who have grown up to themselves, not to be afraid of unwanted pregnancy.
But if we consider the symptoms of the onset of menopause in the aggregate, you can independently understand that this is it.
Symptoms of menopause in women over 40 years. What causes early climacteric changes. How to detect earlier extinction of reproductive function.
Symptoms and treatment of late menopause in women. . Preparations for the removal of severe manifestations of late menopause in women.
To understand what tides are in menopause, you need to be aware of the processes occurring in the body. They are largely controlled by sex hormones.
Symptoms of pathological menopause. Changes in menopause have a natural explanation.
Early menopause in women of 30 years shows the symptoms of this series in the first place. The face, neck and chest suddenly turn red, and they are hot.
For the treatment of symptoms of menopause used ovestin cream. Problems such as intermittent incontinence and vaginal dryness removed very well within two weeks, now I use it twice a week as maintenance therapy. Easy to use there is a special applicator. There were no side effects; on the contrary, even the condition of the skin on the face has improved.
In addition to dryness, there are also other "surprises" of menopause. At one time my tides were going through the roof, it was just such frequent that they began. Persistence, drowsiness, lethargy, and even headaches. I then well Estrovel helped this whole thing survive and get rid of unpleasant symptoms. The course of this tool and repeat periodically to maintain itself in normal form. Moreover, the tool is natural, vegetable and with vitamins. Now it began to produce capsules. But it didn’t get worse.
Anastasia, and how to take? And what is the break between courses? I heard a lot about the drug good, I want to drink it.
I buy climax for the second time, last year I took it, so for two months of use I was able to get rid of the symptoms of menopause, which worried me a lot. I had terrible tides, the pressure jumped, the mood .. I did not recognize myself - I was in some kind of apathy. I have always been very active and optimistic. And here ... Here the course of menopause returned me the one that I always was. This year, now I felt again that the tides had begun, immediately decided that it was time to repeat the course. I hope that this time he will also help me effectively, as last time.
I would have added Lignirius to the remedies yet, his mother saw him during menopause and he significantly reduced many signs.
A friend advised me to Estrovel capsules, she herself takes it and is pleased. I read that as part of phytoestrogens and plant extracts that have a positive effect on the negative symptoms of menopause. I drink this complex for a month, but I already began to feel that its components are starting to work - thanks to them the tides have become less and the irritability has noticeably decreased and not so often occurs.
Constantly nervous condition, insomnia, headaches .. a terrible condition. I took the natural drug Lignirius, after 2 weeks almost all the symptoms disappeared
I had an acute problem with libido ... Because of this, there were problems with my husband. The doctor recommended Ligirius to drink to me, he was able to solve our problem and even more.
girls and Lignarius prescription bought?
A curious person, Lignirius is sold in a pharmacy without a prescription, but still it is better to consult a specialist before use!
But if we consider the symptoms of the onset of menopause in the aggregate, you can independently understand that this is it.
Symptoms of menopause in women over 40 years. What causes early climacteric changes. How to detect earlier extinction of reproductive function.
Symptoms and treatment of late menopause in women. . Preparations for the removal of severe manifestations of late menopause in women.
To understand what tides are in menopause, you need to be aware of the processes occurring in the body. They are largely controlled by sex hormones.
How to cope with menopause
As a rule, during menopause, women who are at the appropriate age experience menopausal changes. Many are concerned about how to alleviate the symptoms of menopause in women. To date, used medical and herbal medicines, folk remedies, special diets and a number of actions that bring improvement:
- Medicines may be of homeopathic or hormonal origin. They are assigned to relieve severe symptoms that occur during menopause.
- Folk remedies can relieve discomfort at high tides. A big plus of home remedies is that they are made from natural ingredients.
- Diet involves the elimination of harmful products, reducing meat consumption. During menopause preference should be given to light plant foods.
- There are also recommendations, following which a woman will be able to stop the manifestations of hot flashes.
How to ease the tides
Появление частых приливов в климактерический период может быть обусловлено несколькими причинами:
- изменение гормонального фона (снижение количества эстрогена),
- неправильное, несбалансированное питание,
- вредные привычки,
- passive lifestyle.
By themselves, unpleasant conditions that occur during menopause are not considered a disease. However, there are several ways to relieve hot flashes during menopause:
- Use breathing exercises. When the tides need to bring yourself to rest. Breathing should be deep, at a slow pace, after each inhalation and exhalation produce air retention for a few seconds.
- Before bed, be sure to air the room in which you sleep. It is better if you leave the window ajar so that clean air enters the room.
- Choose cotton as bed linen.
- If possible, reduce the likelihood of stress. Reduce caffeine intake, eliminate alcohol and cigarettes.
- Wear loose-fitting clothing made from lighter fabrics of natural origin.
- Carry a fan and cool water in a bottle.
- The next method for dealing with tides is to have a small amount of physical exertion. You can do sports or dance, make daily walks in the fresh air on foot.
- In severe cases, a special medication therapy is required.
How to ease menopause medications
Today, medicine offers two options for treatment with drugs. The patient may prescribe non-hormonal drugs or prescribe hormones. The last type of pill is used for severe manifestation of symptoms that dramatically adversely affect the general condition of the woman’s body or cannot be relieved by drugs that do not contain a hormonal component.
Medicines that are based on herbal ingredients do not have as many harmful properties as chemical preparations. However, doctors prescribe them as an aid. It is very important to choose the right medicine of natural origin so that its components are compatible with medicines that you are taking in parallel. In pharmacies, you can find several effective homeopathic medicines:
- Ginekohel - has anti-inflammatory and calming effect, helps to avoid the effects of stress, depression during menopause.
- Gormel-S - a non-hormonal drug improves the condition of a woman with violations of the menstruation cycle.
- Remens - is one of the non-hormonal drugs for menopause. It reduces stress during menopause, helps regulate the hormonal system, reduces hot flashes and metabolic disturbances.
Treatment with hormonal pills is based on replenishing the amount of estrogen and progesterone. Therapy helps alleviate menopausal symptoms:
- instability of mood
- decrease in sexual desire,
- lack of moisture of the vulva,
- reduced calcium in bones.
Among the drugs based on the hormones of women, the most popular in medicine are:
An important point, how to alleviate the symptoms of menopause in women, is taking vitamins. Useful substances will help maintain a familiar state on a physical and emotional level. It is important to take complexes containing vitamins A, C, E, groups B, D. Necessity is the use of minerals, especially calcium. This element during menopause begins to leach out of the bones of women, making them fragile and brittle.
How to deal with menopause in women folk remedies
There are many ways to alleviate the symptoms of menopause in women. One option is the use of folk remedies. Homemade drugs will help improve the condition with minor hot flashes, sleep disturbances and stress. You can prepare tinctures, teas, or decoctions to help your body strengthen and react less to changes.
How to treat hot flashes with menopause folk remedies:
- Infusion of sage. You can cook it, Bay 1 tbsp. boiling water 2 tbsp. l dry grass, leaving for half an hour. Means drink for a day. The course is 2 weeks. Then, you need to take a break for the same duration.
- Tincture of mountain ash. It is necessary to take 0.2 kg of rowan berries, chop them well. To obtain funds, fill the fruit with vodka, taken in an amount of 1 l. Infusion should take about 14 days. When preparing a homemade drug, you should drink a day at 1 menopause. l three times.
There is a special herbal collection that will help alleviate insomnia during menopause. You need to cook it, taking 2 parts of hop cones and leaves of the cuff, and St. John's wort and lemon balm - 3 each. Mix all the ingredients. Tablespoon of collection pour a glass of boiling water. Drink this tea every day for a month, then you need to take a break of 2 weeks.
How to remove the manifestations of menopause in women, how to fight folk remedies
Climax in a woman is called a new phase in her life. This is the period when the age-related attenuation of the vital activity of the ovaries and the reduction of the formation of estrogen occurs. It is divided into three parts:
- time, before the termination of periods, on average about 45 - 47 years,
- menopause, or in other words, cessation of menstruation for about 50-52 years,
- the time after that until old age, which is also called post menopause.
How do you alleviate the condition of a woman? To solve this problem you need to approach in a complex. This is an improvement in general physical condition, treatment with medicines and methods of traditional medicine.
Manifestations of female menopause
The state of menopause is accompanied by unpleasant symptoms. Estrogen greatly influences important processes in the body. Therefore, its reduction is accompanied by a change in metabolism and many other important natural processes. The result is increased appetite, weight gain, the appearance of sweating, the manifestation of "tides". There is an increased heartbeat, bouts of weakness, urinary incontinence when laughing or coughing, irritability, drowsiness, or vice versa insomnia, mood swings, a decrease in sexual desire. Naturally, watching what is happening, the woman is even more nervous, while increasing the consumption of food. Thus, she noticeably strengthens her fullness, which does not add to her optimism.
Methods of dealing with symptoms of menopausal manifestations
How to deal with all this "bunch" of discomfort? Let's figure it out. Initially, do not be afraid and panic. The first thing you need to do is take care of yourself and lead a life that promotes health. This includes all measures to combat the annoying symptoms.
Let's start with the psychological attitude of women. The more she will love herself, take care of herself, self-adjust to positive acceptance of what is happening with her, the more effective the result will be. If a woman was engaged in physical culture, you need to continue classes, and if you did not do it, then start. Exercises will be a good prevention of obesity, cardiovascular diseases, removal of bouts of nervousness, osteoprosis.
If urinary incontinence is tormented, you need to learn and perform the so-called Kegel exercises. They represent contraction and relaxation of the muscles that lift the pelvic floor. During execution, breathing is not delayed. It is necessary to start from once a day and bring up to 3 times, the number of repetitions is from 15 to 20, the time of reduction is about 5-6 seconds.
If the tides are frequent and cause a lot of trouble, then an effective yoga class will be. She will relax and teach to manage your breathing. To reduce weight, it is desirable to adhere to a healthy diet, limit carbohydrate intake. Instead of sweets and cakes, you need to eat fruit. It is also very useful to eat vegetables, bran bread, vegetable fats and cereals. Do not forget about lean meats, sea fish.
To normalize sleep - limit the use of strong coffee, tea. In the evening it is necessary to reduce the work on the computer and watch night movies. Best of all is a walk before bedtime, which will not only fill the body with oxygen, but will also be a kind of exercise for the body. To reduce the attacks of weakness, do not forget about rest. The proposed measures will not be removed, but will greatly facilitate the manifestation of symptoms of menopause.
In the event that there are severe headaches, pressure drops and other threats that worsen over time, a visit to the doctor is necessary. He will prescribe hormone replacement therapy. Remember that only a highly qualified physician is able to take into account the characteristics of the body, will be able to prescribe drugs, determine their dose and duration of admission. Before determining the format of treatment, examinations by a mammologist, a gynecologist and an endocrinologist are necessary. In addition, it is important to pass special blood tests, densitometry and x-rays of the bones, which will allow to make a general clinical picture and only then a decision is made on the prescription of drugs.
Today the market of anti-menopausal drugs is quite wide. In order to help you navigate in such a huge variety, consider some of them:
- Divisek is a combination drug containing progestogen and estrogen. It prevents the development of post-menopausal osteoporosis, reducing bone loss.
- Femoston is a two-phase preparation consisting of 2 components of estradiol and didrogesterone. These are analogues of female sex hormones - estradiol and progesterone. The presence of extradiol in addition to reducing menopausal symptoms prevents bone loss, and didrogesterone - the risk of endometrial hyperplasia.
- Divitren is a drug that contains estrogen and progestogen. Estradiol also prevents post menopausal osteoporosis by reducing bone loss.
- Livial is a drug used for menopause (natural or after oophorectomy), menopausal osteoporosis (prophylaxis). In its composition there is tibolone. The drug is included in the group of medical devices that are used during hormone replacement therapy to reduce post-menopausal symptoms.
- Klimonorm - a drug that includes a gestagen and estrogen. With the help of estradiol in the female body, the absence of estrogen is replenished, when menopause has come and a sufficiently effective treatment is provided for vegetative and psycho-emotional climacteric symptoms.
Methods of treatment of menopause folk methods
Before taking any serious hormonal preparations, it is worth looking around yourself and remembering Mother Nature. Some plants are able to influence the female body and continue its youth. They contain phytoestrogens that replace sex hormones, so their use and levels hormone inaccuracy. This can significantly reduce the symptoms of menopause. A woman becomes calmer, hot flashes disappear, sexual desire is restored, her hair gets the same shine, wrinkles are smoothed out.
So, what kind of herbs can help?
One of the female herbs can be called yarrow. To alleviate the unpleasant symptoms, take baths from this herb. The bath is prepared as follows: 25 g of yarrow need to fill 500 ml of cold water. Boil and boil for 15 minutes, then insist 30 minutes, strain and mix with water in a bath. Not bad helps to improve sleep and calms the nervous system of yarrow with dill, if taken in the morning on an empty stomach and at night for 1 teaspoon of seeds and chopped herbs.
The use of medicinal herbs fees will be more effective. They affect the whole body and bring more benefits. After all, when menopause does not only change the metabolism, but there are functional disorders of the body.
We prepare a mixture of an equal amount of herbs: nettle, hawthorn, sweet clover grass, passion flower, birch leaves and buds. Add the highlander bird (knotweed), buckthorn bark, chamomile flowers, yarrow herbs, calendula flowers, root-eleven, mint herbs, curly parsley fruit. Then take 1 tablespoon of this mixture and steam with 1 cup of hot water, cook for 10 minutes. Filter out. Take need for 1 tbsp. l per day 3 times.
It should be remembered that the use of medicinal herbs in the treatment of menopause should beat a long, until there are visible signs of improvement or recovery.
Exercises for chest muscles
To strengthen the muscles of the chest effective exercise is a banal push-up from the floor. You can do this on your knees, hands apart shoulder-width apart, the ends of the fingers pointing forward. Make it 20 times. You need to start with 1 approach, gradually bringing to 3. The second exercise is a dumbbell bench press. It is necessary to lie down on the floor, stretch your arms with dumbbells vertically and towards each other in parallel, then bend your elbows, pointing down and then up. Make it 8 times. Start with 1 approach, bring to 3.
Honey in the bath during menopause
Bath and honey - a unique tandem, which is a panacea for the treatment of inflammatory processes in the skin, for the treatment and healing of wounds, burns, eczema and acne inflammations.
Ways to use honey in the bath:
- Honey rubbing during steaming. Apply it on the skin and rub it into the body. Stay in the steam room for another 10-15 minutes until the moment when the beekeeping product is not absorbed. Then rinse the skin with water. Do not use soap or shower gel.
- Massaging honey after steaming. To carry out this procedure should be after you thoroughly steam the skin. After that, dry the body with a towel and apply a thin layer of honey, making massage movements.
Then you should go into the steam room and steam the body for 10 minutes. It only remains to wash everything off with water.
Try using a honey scrub with salt. The use of healing scrub in the bath, consisting of honey and sea salt, is the most effective way to rejuvenate and heal the skin. For cooking you will need:
- container in which you need to melt the honey to obtain a liquid consistency
- gradually, as it dissolves, add salt to it
- Stir until smooth.
Apply to a well-steamed body, and after complete absorption, rinse with warm water. With frequent use of this scrub while visiting the bath, the skin becomes smoother and more elastic, the appearance of cellulite is reduced and the process of skin regeneration takes place.
After shampooing hair baths are useful. They are made at least 2 times a week. To do this, take 2 tbsp. l nettle, 2 tbsp. l Sage, steam 500 ml boiling water, insist 30 minutes, then filter and bring the resulting volume to 1 liter. Then add 500 ml of milk. This mask is very useful for hair roots.
Once, looking in the mirror after a sleepless night, the woman realizes that yes, he has come - a climax. They try not to think about him, but his shadow always stands behind his back. In this case, there are two ways. Going the first way, the woman continues to suffer painfully, all possible symptoms, her eyes go dry, wrinkles cover her face more and more and as a result she stops remembering that she is a woman. The second way is tremendous work, close cooperation with the doctor, the struggle with their complexes, in the end - with laziness. And in the end the result. A pleasant, smiling woman, with a fervent sparkle in her eyes, with a confident posture and light make-up on her face, running around her business and drawing attention to herself around. Which way to choose - the decision is yours.
Signs of menopause: how to deal with the aging of the body?
All women age, and avoid menopause. Although this is a normal physiological process, indicating the end of the reproductive period, it often delivers some problems caused by changes in hormone levels. At about 50 years of age, the metabolism and cell renewal becomes slower, possibly developing diseases that are not characteristic of a younger age.
What is menopause?
Menopause is the last menstruation, which can be considered as such if the next does not occur within a year. It is preceded by premenopause, which begins about 4 years before the last menstruation and ends one year after it.
The main symptom of an approaching menopause is a change in the length of the menstrual cycle, caused by a decrease in estrogen production. After a while, hot flashes appear (increased sweating, especially at night) and irritability, on the background of which depression may develop.
The time that begins one year after the last menstruation and lasts until the end of a woman’s life is called postmenopause. Throughout this time, the body lacks female sex hormones, as a result of which the bone mass is reduced, that is, osteoporosis develops.
In addition to bones, changes occur in the blood vessels that were protected by estrogen during the reproductive period, which causes the development of various heart diseases.
The vagina becomes dry, sexual desire decreases, and there may be pain when urinating. Often, during the postmenopausal period, women suffer from mastopathy, breast and genital cancer, which requires regular visits to an endocrinologist and a gynecologist.
В последнее время участились ранние менопаузы, которые возникают в 35-37 лет.
Причиной подобного отклонения может служить:
- severe diseases (diabetes, chronic hepatitis, inflammation of the genital organs, malfunction of the endocrine system)
- excessive smoking
- constant stress
- overvoltage at work
- poor diet (too much sweet and fat)
- fasting to lose weight
To avoid early menopause, you should regularly visit a gynecologist, who, if necessary, appoint hormones.
Symptoms of menopause:
- Irregular menstruation
- Sleep disturbance
- Fast fatiguability
- Muscle and joint pain
- Vaginal dryness
- Frequent urination
- Graying hair
- Skin aging
- Flabbiness and reduction in breast size
- Feeling of dryness in the eyes
- Decrease or loss of sexual desire
But it must be borne in mind that these signs of menopause are not found in all women.
Diagnosing menopause is often not difficult. The doctor assesses the symptoms and prescribes laboratory and instrumental examinations.
During menopause in the blood:
- Little estradiol
- Estradiol / estrone ratio less than one
- Too much follicle-stimulating hormone
- Too many male hormones
- Little inhibin
In addition to blood, the doctor may prescribe a menstrual blood test and a smear from the vaginal walls. The period of menopause is determined by blood, the thickness of the walls of the vagina and their structure is determined by smear.
In addition to tests, gynecologists often prescribe a pelvic ultrasound (to determine how many follicles are in the ovaries) and osteodensitometry (to determine bone density).
Difficulties in diagnosis may occur if a woman has an unusual hormone level.
It is well known that the best way to treat any disease is prevention. Symptoms of menopause are no exception to this rule.
Prevention measures are especially important if there is a suspicion of the possibility of early menopause. But do not neglect them in the premenopausal period, which occurred in 45-47 years.
Every woman should remember that menopause will come earlier if:
- She lives at an altitude of more than 3 km above sea level.
- In the region of residence unfavorable environmental conditions.
- Smoked more than one pack of cigarettes per day.
- A woman consumes too much alcohol.
- Body weight is approaching the stage of obesity.
- A woman often sits on a low-calorie diet.
- Lead a sedentary lifestyle.
- There is too much fast carbohydrates and animal fats in the diet.
- A woman is under constant stress.
Menopause occurs later in those women who have taken hormonal contraceptives for 3 or more years, are physically fit, have an active sex life, or are relatively late in giving birth.
Learn more about the fight against menopause from the program Live Healthy.
While waiting for menopause, we should not forget that every period of life has not only negative, but also positive sides. Paying enough attention to preventive measures and general health, it is possible to live this time without unpleasant symptoms.
What is characterized by tides during menopause and how to deal with them
Menopause has similar processes in all women, but its manifestation may be different for everyone. Tides during menopause is a frequent symptom that all the fair sex experience at different degrees of intensity. Some women quickly adapt to changes in their bodies, others, in order to continue to lead a full life, are constantly forced to take medicine. Tides may be accompanied by migraines, loosen the nervous system, provoke dizziness, but there are means that can, if not completely relieve the discomfort, then at least significantly alleviate its manifestations.
Menopause has similar processes in all women, but its manifestation may be different for everyone.
When menopause occurs, the ovaries reduce the production of female sex hormones, and this, in turn, affects the function of thermoregulation. Hormones and the central nervous system regulate body temperature, and thermoreceptors, nerve endings that are located on the skin and on internal organs, react to changes in environmental indicators. The thermoregulation center is located in the brain - in the hypothalamus, so the receptors transmit information about temperature changes there.
With the help of hormones, signals are sent from the hypothalamus that increase or decrease metabolism and blood circulation. The body maintains optimal body temperature through sweating, muscle contraction (relaxation), and vasoconstriction (expansion). When the hormonal hormones are disturbed in the menopause, the signals are distorted, which causes menopausal hot flashes. And a woman may suddenly have sweat for no apparent reason, a sensation of heat, a rapid heartbeat, weakness. After some time, chill comes to replace the heat.
Sometimes perspiration is so abundant that a woman even has to change clothes, aggravates the condition, and the fact that such symptoms can occur several times a day. When such phenomena during menopause torment a woman at night, insomnia occurs and, as a result, fatigue during the day. There is irritability, fatigue, and possible nervous breakdowns.
Tides during menopause can last for 5 years, and for some even longer. After the complete cessation of menstruation, most often this happens after 2 years, the symptoms gradually become weaker and disappear. The doctor may be asked to be examined for other diseases that are also accompanied by similar symptoms, depending on how long the tides last. For example, if such symptoms are observed for more than 5 years, it is recommended to check the thyroid gland, perhaps its hormones are produced in an increased amount, and this indicates hyperthyroidism. It is necessary to examine the pancreas and mammary glands, pituitary and ovaries.
There are women who are surprised that they have no signs of hot flashes during menopause, but in reality this is a completely normal phenomenon. So, the body copes with all hormonal changes, so neither the nervous system nor the vessels suffer. However, only 15% of women can boast of this. The rest are forced to endure all the troubles of menopause.
Tides are divided into 3 types, depending on their severity, duration and severity:
- if unpleasant symptoms occur up to 10 times a day, then this is a mild degree,
- up to 20 times - average, while there may be other signs of the pathological course of menopause,
- more than 20 times a day - a severe degree, it is accompanied by cardiovascular pathologies and other problems that can make a woman temporarily disabled.
Menopause and menopause (video)
What is hot flashes during menopause? They have very characteristic symptoms that cannot be confused with anything else. Before the onset of heat, in the ears appear hum and background noise. Many women say that they feel an approaching attack, but for others it is a sudden condition that takes them by surprise. Then the head, chest and shoulders from the inside as if with boiling water scalded. At the same time, the skin reddens and sweat immediately appears.
There may be dizziness and nausea, the heart beats at an accelerated pace, occipital and frontal pains appear. There is a weakness and a shiver. If the attack is very strong, then even fainting can happen, and headaches can become migraines. Often there is an anxiety and even unexplained fear, panic attacks, which are accompanied by a feeling of suffocation.
For some time, the body temperature rises, but it quickly gives, and the body is covered with perspiration. After the attack ends, there is a weakness, chills, pain in the muscles. More intense tides disturb at night, a woman has to get up, change clothes, sometimes even bedding, take a shower — all this prevents sleep at night.
Tides during menopause can last for 5 years, and some even longer
What can cause hot flashes?
In addition to hormonal changes in the body, tides can be triggered by several factors:
- time of year and climate
- living and working conditions - if a woman is forced to be in a stuffy, smoky room, the tides will be stronger,
- drinking coffee, alcohol, drinks that excite the nervous system, spicy and salty dishes,
- drugs for weight loss, which increase metabolic processes in the body, affect blood circulation, increase blood pressure and increase the pulse,
- substances that affect blood circulation,
- medications that increase the pressure and increase the pulse,
- excessive consumption of sugar
- synthetic clothing
- strong physical exertion.
Hot flashes are not always just climax. Similar conditions can occur in the following pathologies:
- In diabetes, these symptoms are due to the fact that the pancreas is not working properly, it is also a hormonal process. The body does not produce or absorb the required amount of insulin, which leads to violations. In diabetes, hot flashes are accompanied by sweating.
- An excess of thyroid hormones, while the woman experiences rapid heartbeat, strong sweat, asphyxiation, weakness and insomnia. Most often, women with such a diagnosis do not tolerate heat.
- With malignant tumors in the stomach or intestines, fever is felt throughout the body, not touching only the upper part. This is due to the fact that with tumors a large amount of serotonin is released into the body.
- A hormonal tumor in the adrenal glands that produces a large number of catecholamines. At the same time, tachycardia, copious sweat, panic attacks, pain in the head and chest appear, but the skin does not redden as during menopause, but, on the contrary, becomes white. Women note that after such an attack, there is an urgent need to empty the bladder.
- When an ovarian cyst caused by hormonal disorders, in addition to the symptoms of hot flashes, pains in the lower abdomen and bleeding are added.
Therefore, it is not for nothing that doctors recommend women who are in the premenopausal period to be regularly examined by doctors. Together with the concentration of hormones, the immunity is reduced, because of this, it is not only gynecologists who have to investigate and find out the causes of hot flashes, but also endocrinologists, therapeutists and oncologists.
How long will the tides last?
Many women would like to know exactly how many hot flashes and other symptoms of menopause will continue, and of course, they would like it to end soon. This raises the question of how long the attack itself lasts? Most often, it passes in a few seconds or a couple of minutes, if the attack lasts for an hour, it is necessary to urgently consult a doctor.
If we talk about the time during which a woman will experience symptoms of hot flashes, then this is very individual. Heat is the first sign of an approaching menopause, it arises at the moment when the ovaries are still working, that is, there are menstruations, but they are less common. When the last menstruation passes, the symptoms begin to fade, but sometimes they continue for another 2 years after the last bleeding. True, this happens infrequently.
Many factors affect the duration of hot flashes, for example, women who are overweight suffer less than thin ones. This does not mean that before menopause, all need to urgently gain weight, because the excess mass provokes other problems during menopause.
Women who smoke experience more intense hot flashes. This is due to the fact that smoking adversely affects the state of the blood vessels. Hypertensive symptoms last longer and more often. In the absence of proper therapy, diseases associated with high blood pressure may occur.
Those who are very active and active in sports also suffer from strong and prolonged tides. No one argues that during menopause a woman should be active and exercise, but it is necessary to measure them with the capabilities of the body. When muscles, blood vessels and the heart experience increased loads, they signal the hypothalamus.
Hot flashes are not always just climax.
Tips at high tides
In spite of the fact that, in principle, tides are a natural process, it is necessary to get rid of it at the very first symptoms. Attacks of heat contribute to the strengthening of other manifestations of menopause, and if they are not properly treated, then diseases of the endocrine and nervous systems may arise against this background. There are medications that will help a woman not only get rid of painful symptoms, but also eliminate the risk of other ailments.
But before you buy drugs, you need to remember that first of all you should take care of your immunity and good physical condition. Try to walk more in the open air, play sports (but moderately), then your nervous system will be calmer, in addition, your heart and blood vessels will train, and this, in turn, normalizes blood pressure.
It is necessary to mention the clothes. Clothing made of synthetics does not let air through, which means that the return of heat will be impeded. In addition, it does not absorb sweat, that is, there will be an unpleasant smell. Temperature changes easier to carry in clothes made from natural fabrics. In the period of menopause, it is worth to give up warm clothes with high collars, otherwise choking will be felt more strongly. Choose loose-fitting clothing, preferably with a clasp in the front, which, if necessary, can be easily undone and cool the body. In general, it is good to dress in such a way that during an attack you can take off some things. If there is such an opportunity, then in time for an attack it is good to take a shower. In addition to sweating, the temperature of the body also decreases, the nervous system will relax.
Night rest is very important in the period of menopause, therefore, in order to sleep well and well, you should not eat a lot and have a good time at night, watch TV for a long time or play computer games. Relaxation classes will help yoga, breathing exercises and other relaxing procedures.
It is also recommended to use at least 2 liters of water per day, because during the attack the body loses a large amount of fluid. Dehydration provokes an increase in symptoms, causes a severe headache, so a bottle of water and a fan should be in your purse.
Proper nutrition is very important during menopause. Food should be full, but light. Eat more fruits and vegetables to improve digestion and saturate the body with vitamins.
Calcium is very necessary during this period, so enter into the diet dairy products, fish, seafood. In addition to calcium, they contain vitamin D, which is needed for magnesium to be well absorbed.
Walnuts, bread made from rye flour rich in magnesium, it is needed to successfully deal with bouts of irritability and insomnia. Potassium is necessary for the heart, it can be found in beans, dried fruits and nuts.
On the advice of a doctor, a woman should take vitamin and mineral complexes, which can also have a positive effect on the body during menopause. After 45 years, the following vitamins are necessary for the fair sex:
- E - for ovarian activity, for good vascular tone and regulation of blood pressure,
- B1 and B6 - to relieve the manifestation of panic attacks and anxiety,
- D - in order to assimilate magnesium and calcium,
- C - for the normalization of thermoregulation in the body,
- A is an antioxidant that strengthens the immune system.
If menopause is very difficult, then you can drink the infusion of sage, prepare a decoction of blackberry berries and leaves. You can take valerian tablets, tinctures or brew herbal tea. Herbal therapy should not last more than 60 days. For example, if a woman has been drinking sage for 2 months, then it should be replaced with something else and returned to it in 2-4 months. Herbal preparations can be different - yarrow, chamomile, elderberry flowers, calendula, juniper berries, lemon balm, white mistletoe, hop cones, mint, etc.
Herbal treatment should be discussed with a doctor, often medicinal plants have contraindications, so you should be careful with their choice. Another point explaining why it is important to consult a doctor before taking herbal herbs: often very useful plants for the female body during menopause can cause heavy bleeding, uterine fibroids and other diseases.
If all of the above means do not bring relief, then you need to talk to your doctor about hormone therapy. Modern drugs for the treatment of pathological menopause have 2 components - gestagens and estrogens. These drugs of low androgenic activity, do not lead to obesity and do not affect the metabolic processes in the body. To improve the portability of medicines, manufacturers try to reduce the dose of estrogen and increase gestagens.
Кроме того, что гормональные препараты хорошо снимают симптоматику приливов, они еще и оказывают положительное влияние на эмоциональное состояние женщины, борются с проявлениями атеросклероза и остеопороза. Hormonal drugs prevent hair loss, improve skin condition, treat sexual disorders and problems with the retention of urine. To better effect entrenched, drinking such substances is about a year.
Hormone therapy is contraindicated in the following conditions:
- cancer of the breast or uterus,
- acute thrombophlebitis,
- renal or hepatic failure
- vaginal bleeding of unknown etiology,
- suspected pregnancy.
If hormonal therapy is contraindicated for a woman, phytoestrogens or homeopathic remedies are prescribed.
Herbal treatment should be discussed with a doctor, often medicinal plants are contraindicated, so you should be careful with their choice.
Homeopathic medicines are based on natural ingredients and are used in small doses. Their action is aimed at ensuring that the body independently adapts to the changes, and the medication only helps in this.
In general, all such means are safe, but still, before taking it, it is worth consulting with a doctor. All non-hormonal drugs that are prescribed to women during menopause are phytoestrogens. Unlike synthetic hormones, their effect is weaker, but the plus is that they have fewer side effects and have no contraindications.
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Nausea in women with menopause: the causes of symptoms and how to deal with them + is there dizziness during menopause?
Over the years, the reproductive function of women gradually decreases. Estrogen, an important hormone in the female body, is produced less and less. This causes certain failures or imbalances of all its links - organs and systems.
First of all, it concerns the ovaries, which, having ceased to function, shrivel and are replaced by connective tissue.
Hormonal restructuring, accompanied by a series of unpleasant symptoms, over the course of several years, changes many of the functions of a woman’s body. This and the subsequent period are called menopause or menopause.
Climax and its phases
The time of menopause especially individual.
It depends on many factors:
- from the state of health
- from the presence of stress,
- from lifestyle,
- from climatic and environmental factors,
- from heredity and other things.
In the worst cases, early menopause occurs after 40 years, but more often hormonal adjustment begins in women after 50 years. Most women at this time feel excruciating discomfort with many symptoms.
Doctors divide menopause into three phases:
- premenopause, when due to a decrease in ovarian function, menstruation does not come regularly. This is accompanied by pain and heaviness in the pelvis, deterioration of overall well-being,
- menopause. It is believed that it came when the monthly stopped and are absent for a year,
- postmenopause. It follows a year after the last menstrual period and until the end of life.
Read about the test for the climax here.
Precursors of menopause
Menopause is preceded by failures of the menstrual cycle - changes in its duration and intensity of discharge. This is caused by a decrease in the production of female sex hormones - women everywhere have peculiar receptor sensors that react to the slightest hormonal changes in the blood.
Read about the first harbingers of menopause also in this article.
When menopause begins, precursors can be a deterioration of the condition:
- skin structures
- mucous membranes,
- other systems and organs.
The appearance of wrinkles is accelerated, the color of the eyes gradually fades, and the hair becomes thinner. In addition, the crepitus of the joints becomes audible, for no apparent reason overweight appears, discomfort is felt in the vagina due to the dryness of the mucous membrane and its greater vulnerability.
See if the legs can swell during menopause in this article.
Appearance of symptoms
Precursors turn into menopause symptoms that are hard to miss.
The main ones are:
- emotional instability, manifested in mood swings and excessive sensitivity,
- fatigue and chronic fatigue
- sleep disturbances (insomnia or constant craving for sleep),
- excessive sweating
- chest pains
- joint pain,
- hot flashes - unpredictable sensation of heat in the upper body and head. And this is justified, because with such attacks there is an increased blood flow to these areas. Hot flashes can also be a headache.
On the causes of body odor with menopause, read here.
Later, there are other symptoms of menopause:
- incontinence, especially nocturnal,
- changes in bone structure, increasing their fragility due to calcium deficiency (osteoporosis). As a result of this - a decrease of several centimeters in height,
- cystic formations in the mammary glands,
- increased risk of cardiovascular diseases due to the removal of estrogen protection,
- destabilization of metabolic processes, due to which the pressure rises, body fat increases, and the risk of diabetes increases.
But not all of them are required, their degree of manifestation is also purely individual.
Also read why the basal temperature changes during menopause.
Should I go to the doctor
Can there be a climax cause similar to the doctor? Any manifestations of menopause require attention. They are not always dangerous, but it is necessary to be examined.
In some cases, menopause due to reduced immunity provokes relapses of chronic diseases. Therefore, you need to visit a therapist and a gynecologist, who will prescribe a laboratory examination. A visit to an endocrinologist for the control of hormonal changes does not hurt either.
Attacks of hot flashes, which are often accompanied by nausea, often cause fear and even lead to depression. A few visits to the psychotherapist will help to deal with these problems.
Is it possible to delay this period
To delay the onset of menopause is possible with a healthy lifestyle. This is the cessation of smoking and frequent use of alcohol, compulsory exercise, including systematic walking. A balanced and regular diet plays an important role in this process.
Also read how not to age with menopause.
Helps to preserve the performance of the ovaries methods of hormonal contraception, a greater number of physiological labor and prolonged lactation.
In this case, hormone replacement therapy is also effective, and for its contraindications phytoestrogens or homeopathic preparations. Vitamins, especially groups B, and calcium supplements provide great benefits.
Can with menopause sick?
Do you feel sick during menopause? Yes, nausea is one of the most common symptoms in menopause. In this period, vegetative disturbances are manifested before others. The most characteristic of them - the tides.
The feeling of heat is accompanied by increased heartbeat and sweating, fever, weakness, and dizziness and headache may also accompany it. But all these signs are preceded by nausea. Sometimes her bouts with subsequent hot flashes haunt a woman several times a day, weakening her.
Other causes of nausea with menopause are:
- increased blood pressure - due to the loss of elasticity of blood vessels caused by hormonal changes, blood thickens, besides blood vessels are narrowed due to cholesterol plaques,
- emotional imbalance - restructuring adversely affects the production of joy hormones endorphins and serotonin. Often a woman is absorbed in feelings, despondency, anger, depression,
- sleep disorders - due to the discomfort caused by bouts of fever, sweating (especially at night), the daily rhythm is lost, chronic fatigue is observed,
- PMS during menopause increases. This is due to cycle failures, painful sensations,
- imbalance and eating disorders.
All these phenomena necessarily cause painful nausea.
Does besides this nausea can be a sign of the disease? Yes, in addition to such factors typical of menopause, there may be other indications of pathological changes in the body or exacerbation of chronic diseases.
The following options are possible, which are always accompanied by nausea:
- thyroid problems. This is very dangerous due to the fact that the thyroid gland itself produces hormones. Malfunctions in her work in one direction or another greatly aggravate hormonal problems,
- diabetes. It causes serious abnormalities in the gastrointestinal tract due to impaired blood sugar,
- malignant tumor, accompanied by intoxication,
- gastrointestinal problems - ulcers, gastritis,
- cardiovascular diseases. These are late manifestations of menopause, at which pressure often jumps, the heart muscle wears out faster, the development of atherosclerosis with heart pains is possible.
Nausea during menopause may be accompanied by the following symptoms:
- high blood pressure and migraine,
- depressive manifestations and aversion to food,
- low blood pressure and insomnia
- lower abdominal pain with PMS,
- hunger and thirst - with diabetes,
- diarrhea and vomiting - in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and disorders of the heart.
How to relieve seizures
If a woman feels sick, the following should be done first:
- ensure fresh air - open the window or go outside,
- for deep breathing, remove tight clothing from the neck and upper body,
- sit well with your head thrown back and place a chair under your feet. At the same time it is important to try to relax and think about something pleasant,
- put a peppermint in your mouth
- drink tea with mint or melissa, in extreme cases - cool water,
- during night attacks, it is useful to lie on the left side in the “embryo” position,
- take a cool shower or wipe your face and neck with a towel moistened with cool water.
With such attacks, natural medicines based on mint, valerian, peony and lemon balm, for example, Valelan, help well. They are applied by long courses, recommended by the doctor prophylactically at the first complaints of climacteric changes.
An important role in the fight against nausea (as a manifestation of hormonal disruptions) is proper nutrition. In this case, you need to limit smoked and fried foods, seasonings, spices, replacing them with dietary meat, fresh vegetables, salads and fruits.
It is necessary to refuse drinks with caffeine, smoking, lack of sleep. It is good to be often in the fresh air, go in for walking, exercise, and find time for the best sports training.
To alleviate the symptoms of menopause, even before their onset (if necessary), special hormonal preparations are prescribed by the doctor.
Nausea is a frequent symptom in menopause. You can not leave her without attention.
There are many remedies for coping with nausea. These are natural products, daily regimen and nutrition, hormonal drugs, which are prescribed only by a doctor.
In some cases, this is a manifestation of serious pathology - there are a number of diseases accompanied by nausea and other unpleasant symptoms. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct a comprehensive examination, which will allow to identify the cause of nausea and fight it.
10 signs of the onset of menopause
Menstruation is completely lost from its cycle, it becomes increasingly scarce and lasts less and less days. Time intervals can last up to 90 days, and monthly periods may not occur at all.
Most women are prone to hot flashes. The state of lack of air and sudden heat in the face, neck and hands. It can be accompanied by nausea and increased sweating. Tides can occur several times during the day and last for several minutes.
Progesterone, which is a natural sedative and hypnotic, goes down, and it is getting harder to sleep.
Tides and insomnia cause a state of weakness, and severe headaches and migraines can begin.
Due to hormonal failure, there are constant mood swings, unwarranted feelings of anxiety and anxiety.
During menopause, there is a violation of calcium in the bones, which leads to osteoporosis. It can threaten the increased fragility of bones and the risk of frequent fractures.
After 45 years, the vaginal mucosa becomes very sensitive and thin-skinned, during sex there can be unpleasant painful sensations, and cracks can form on the walls of the vagina.
Due to a lack of sex hormones, the pelvic muscles responsible for the bladder become weak, and this can lead to incontinence.
After 45 years, fat begins to be actively deposited on the stomach and waist, although the hips and legs remain the same, in connection with which the figure resembles a “pear”.
Classification of menopausal disorders
According to its manifestations, menopausal syndrome is divided into early-term, medium-term and late-time manifestations of menopausal disorders. Early manifestations of menopausal disorders in menopause include:
- vasomotor symptoms - a feeling of hot flashes, headaches, increased sweating, chills, fluctuations in blood pressure, palpitations,
- psycho-emotional symptoms - weakness, anxiety, irritability, drowsiness, inattention, forgetfulness, depression, decreased libido.
Early manifestations during menopause capture premenopause and 1-2 years postmenopause. Women with vasomotor and psychoemotional symptoms during menopause are often treated by a general practitioner for hypertension, ischemic heart disease, or by a neuropsychologist with diagnoses of neurosis or depression.
The average manifestations of menopausal disorders in menopause include:
Medium-term manifestations during menopause occur 2–5 years after menopause and are characterized by atrophic changes in the skin and urogenital tract. As a rule, symptomatic treatment of urogenital and skin symptoms during menopause does not give the desired effect.
Late-term manifestations of menopausal disorders in menopause include:
- metabolic (metabolic) disorders - osteoporosis, atherosclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, cardiovascular diseases.
Late-term manifestations during menopause develop after 5-10 years of the onset of menopause. Inadequate levels of sex hormones during menopause result in impaired bone structure (osteoporosis) and lipid metabolism (atherosclerosis).
The development and severity of the menopausal syndrome is influenced by hormonal, environmental, hereditary factors, the general condition of the woman for the period of menopause.
Vegetovascular (vasomotor) symptoms in the pathological course of menopause occur in 80% of women.
They are characterized by sudden "tides" with a sharp expansion of capillaries of the scalp, face, neck, chest, increased local skin temperature by 2-5 ° C, and body temperature by 0.5-1 ° C.
"Tides" are accompanied by a feeling of heat, redness, sweating, palpitations. The state of "tides" lasts 3-5 minutes with a frequency of 1 to 20 times or more per day, increasing at night, causing sleep disturbance.
A mild degree of vasomotor disorders in menopause is characterized by the number of “tides” from 1 to 10 per day, medium - from 10 to 20, severe - from 20 or more in combination with other manifestations (dizziness, depression, phobias), leading to a decrease in working ability.
In 13% of women with a pathological course of menopause, asthenoneurotic disorders occur, manifested by irritability, tearfulness, anxiety, fear, intolerance to olfactory and auditory sensations, and depression. Psycho-emotional symptoms in menopause develop before menopause or immediately after it, vasomotor symptoms last about 5 years after menopause.
Quite often, the pathological course of menopause is characterized by urogenital and sexual disorders, as well as osteoporosis with the development of pathological fractures.
The course of menopausal syndrome with menopause can develop in the form of atypical forms:
- sympatho-adrenal crises, characterized by a sharp headache, increased blood pressure, urinary retention, followed by polyuria,
- myocardial dystrophy, characterized by persistent heart pain in the absence of ECG changes, failure of conventional therapy,
- urticaria, vasomotor rhinitis, allergies to drugs and food, indicating a change in the immunological reactions of the body, etc.
The course of menopause falls on a period of important events in a woman’s life: maturing and marrying children, achievements at work, retirement changes, and menopausal disorders are layered on the heightened emotional load and social problems.
Nearly 50% of women with a pathological course of menopause have a severe form of the disorder, 35% of the disorder are moderate and only 15% of the menopausal syndrome is mild.
A mild form of menopausal disorders is usually found among practically healthy women, while women with chronic diseases are prone to atypical forms of the menopausal syndrome, which is prone to the critical nature of the course that disrupts the general health of patients.
The development of menopausal syndrome with menopause is promoted by genetic factors, endocrinopathy, chronic diseases, smoking, menstrual disorders during puberty, early menopause, hypodynamia, and a lack of pregnancy and childbirth in the anamnesis.
Diagnosis of Menopausal Syndrome
Diagnosis of the pathological course of menopause is based on complaints of patients appearing at the age of approaching or the onset of menopause.
Exacerbations of concomitant diseases sometimes make it difficult to diagnose menopausal syndrome with menopause, making it more severe and causing the development of atypical forms.
In the presence of concomitant diseases, a woman, besides consulting a gynecologist, is recommended to consult other specialists: a cardiologist, a neurologist, an endocrinologist.
In order to correctly diagnose a complicated course of menopause, blood levels of follicle-stimulating and luteinizing hormone and estrogen are studied.
To clarify the functional state of the ovaries during menopause, a histological analysis of uterine endometrial scraping and cytological studies of vaginal smears in the dynamics, plotting the basal temperature are carried out.
Detection of anovulatory ovarian cycles allows you to associate functional disorders with menopausal syndrome.
Treatment of menopause disorders
The approaches adopted in modern gynecology to the problem of treating pathology of menopause are based on the reduction of its manifestations and symptoms. Reducing the severity and frequency of "hot flashes" in the pathological course of menopause is achieved by prescribing antidepressants (venlafaxine, fluoxetine, paroxetine, tsitlpram, sertraline, etc.).
In order to prevent and treat the development of osteoporosis in menopause, non-hormonal drugs — biophosphonates (alendronic and risedronic acid) are used to reduce bone loss and the risk of fractures. Biophosphonates effectively replace estrogen therapy in the treatment of osteoporosis in women during menopause.
To reduce the appearance of urogenital symptoms in the pathological course of menopause, local (vaginal) administration of estrogen in the form of a cream or tablets is recommended. The release of minor doses of estrogen in the vaginal tissue reduces the sensation of dryness, discomfort during sexual intercourse, and urination disorders.
The most effective treatment for menopausal syndrome with menopause is hormone therapy individually prescribed by a doctor. Taking estrogen drugs well eliminates, in particular, the "tides" and discomfort in the vagina.
For hormone therapy in the treatment of menopause pathology, natural estrogens (estradiolvalerate, 17 beta-estradiol, etc.) are used in small doses in intermittent courses. For the prevention of endometrial hyperplastic processes in menopause, a combination of estrogen with gestagens or (less commonly) with androgens is indicated.
Courses of hormone therapy and hormone prophylaxis are carried out for 5-7 years in order to prevent myocardial infarction, osteoporosis and stroke.
Hormone therapy as a treatment for menopause pathology is contraindicated in patients suffering from:
Before prescribing hormonal preparations for patients with menopausal pathology, it is necessary to conduct research: ultrasound of the pelvic organs, ultrasound of the mammary glands and mammography, cytological analysis of smears from the cervix, biochemical study of blood test indicators and coagulation factors (coagulogram).
Hormone therapy regimen
The choice of mode of hormone therapy depends on the stage of menopause.
In the premenopause, hormone therapy not only compensates for the estrogen deficiency, but also has a normalizing effect on the menstrual cycle, and is therefore prescribed by cyclical courses.
In postmenopause, when atrophic processes occur in the endometrium, for the prevention of monthly bleeding, hormone therapy is carried out in the mode of constant medication.
If the pathological course of menopause is manifested only by urogenital disorders, estrogens (estriol) are administered topically in the form of vaginal tablets, suppositories, and cream. However, in this case, there remains the risk of developing other menopausal disorders of menopause, including osteoporosis.
The systemic effect in the treatment of the pathological course of menopause is achieved by prescribing a combination hormone therapy (as an example, tibolone + estradiol + norethisterone acetate).
When combined hormone therapy, hormone therapy is combined with symptomatic drugs (antihypertensives, heart, antidepressants, bladder relaxants, etc.).
Combination therapy for the treatment of menopause disorders is prescribed after consultation with narrow specialists.
Solving the problems of the pathological course of menopause is the key to the extension of women's health, beauty, youth, efficiency and a real improvement in the quality of life of women entering the beautiful “autumn” time of their lives.
Menopause - causes, symptoms and treatment of menopause
Good day, dear women!
This article focuses on the menopause and everything connected with it: the causes of menopause, the onset of menopause, its stages and symptoms, as well as learn what the tides during menopause are and what means there are that this period of life does not give you various inconveniences.
Climax - This is a special period in a woman’s life when her reproductive and menstrual function is declining. This is a natural period through which every woman passes. It should not be afraid, just need to know how to move it.
Climax (age). As a rule, for most women, menopause occurs after the age of 45, but it can begin even earlier, everything is very individual.
In some women, menopause is mild and does not cause inconvenience, in others it is very acute and painful. During climax, the metabolism slows down, hormone production decreases, cell renewal also slows down, there may be diseases that occur very rarely or never occur in youth.
Decollete skin care
Mix 2 spoons of cottage cheese, 1 tbsp. l cream, 0.5 orange (sour, with a thin skin). Mix everything up to the consistency of thick sour cream and apply for 15-20 minutes. Then rinse with warm water.
Klimadinon with menopause
In addition to the implementation of these recommendations, phytotherapy helps with the main symptoms of menopause. In this regard, preparations based on rhizome extracts, such as the German herbal remedy Klimadinon, are very effective. The active substances of cimicifuga interact with estrogen receptors (female sex hormones), located in almost all organs and tissues of a woman’s body, which leads to the development of a number of beneficial effects aimed at combating tides, insomnia and emotional problems. As a natural product, Klimadinon is safe and well tolerated, including when used in combination with other drugs. Klimadinon is available in two dosage forms - in the form of tablets and drops, and taken 1 tablet or 30 drops, 2 times a day, at the same time, regardless of the meal. To achieve the best result, the duration of treatment with Klimadinon must be at least 3-6 months - during this time a pronounced and sustained therapeutic effect develops. Before applying Klimadinona need advice of the attending physician.
Dyucha rechovina is an extract of the rootyna of the cymoticine-viviaия estrogen-specific effect with the use of swelling with estrogenic receptors. In addition, you can understand the appearance of a lonely hormone with your anterior hipofizu, just as you can, connected with estrogen-sensitive clitoris and spallomaculoes, and I have to do it, I’ll be sitting at a position, and I have only one item, I haven, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I haven, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, amn’ Source: КLІMADINON®, інструкція, zasosuuvannya to drug KLІMADINON® Tablets, vkritі obolonkyu, № 60 Read more
Tsimitsifuga is a perennial high (up to 2 meters) herbaceous plant with pinnate, elongated, large-toothed leaves. It has small flowers in racemes. Read more
The most famous symptom associated with menopause is hot flashes. In women in menopause, its frequency reaches 70-90%. This is the most characteristic feature of the perimenopause period, which is characterized by the hormonal alteration of the woman’s body and the fluctuation of the hormone level. Hot flashes are a common cause of women seeking medical help. Read more
Tides during menopause
This condition is the most important symptom of menopause, in which a woman is covered by a wave, expressed by rapid heartbeat, hot flushes and increased perspiration. With all this, first the woman's face and neck turn red.
Tides may also include the following symptoms: nausea, headache, dizziness, anxiety.
After the tide, the body is covered with cold sweat in copious amounts, there is a chill.
How to get rid of tides with menopause, read a little lower in the article.
Stages of menopause (sexual development of women)
In terms of the production of female hormones, the whole life of a woman is divided into:
Premenopause - The time period from the moment of the first menstruation (menstruation) to the end of regular menstruation. The approximate age is from 13 to 45 years.
Perimenopause - The period of time before and after menopause. This period begins mainly 4-5 years before menopause (approximate age 45-47 years) and lasts for a year after the cessation of menstruation.
The first and main sign of the onset of perimenopause is a change in the menstrual cycle, its duration, the amount of blood loss.
During this period, there are large hormonal changes in the woman's body. The level of female sex hormones (estrogens) begins to fluctuate and decreases.
Due to the deficiency of these hormones, all the symptoms of menopause appear, which I wrote about a little higher in the article.
Menopause - time of the last menstruation. Menopause can be established only after 1 year without menstruation. The average age of menopause is 50-52 years, but in women who smoke, menopause may occur a couple of years earlier.
Postmenopause - a period of time that starts one year after menopause and until the end of life, marked by a deficiency of female sex hormones.
Symptoms of menopause continue from 2 to 5 years after menopause, and then disappear.
However, symptoms such as dryness and itching in the vagina, as well as pain during urination may worsen over time, so you need to constantly take a complex of vitamins.
Also, in the first years after menopause, bone loss occurs, and vascular changes begin to progress.
These changes in the body increase the risk of osteoporosis (increased bone fragility), which can lead to frequent bone fractures, as well as the risk of heart disease.
Menopause - This is the period that includes perimenopause, menopause and postmenopause.
General rules for the treatment of menopause
We give general recommendations for the treatment of menopause:
- proper nutrition with lots of fruits and vegetables (food enriched with vitamins), - mandatory presence in the daily diet of dairy products (cottage cheese, yogurt, milk, sour cream, etc.), - exclusion of fatty, spicy and salty foods, - failure from bad habits (smoking, alcohol),
- occupation by fitness, gymnastics, improving physical culture or daily walks in the fresh air, on foot or by bicycle,
- reduce the consumption of tea and coffee, which is better to replace herbal tea,
- wear clothes from natural fabrics,
- follow the rules of personal hygiene.
How to get rid of hot flashes during menopause
As I already said, hot flashes in menopause are the most "strong" symptoms of this period of each woman. Let's look at simple and effective tips that will help you avoid all the discomfort of the tide, or at least reduce their severity:
- keep calm, because the main friend of tides is stress (for this you can take soothing herbal tea, described in the article below),
- always carry a bottle of cool water with you, and when you feel the onset of the tide, just take a couple of sips and the tide will go away,
- if you feel the onset of the tide, but there is no water with you, then just close your eyes and breathe deeply, this will calm the nervous system and prevent the tide,
- Always and everywhere try to take a fan with you, and if you feel the tide is on, just fan yourself with a fan.
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
The main method for the prevention and correction of disorders due to estrogen deficiency (female hormones) in menopause is hormone replacement therapy (HRT).
Drugs used in HRT are divided into:
- preparations containing only estrogen,
- combination drugs, including estrogen and progesterone.
When HRT requires systematic observation by a doctor and periodic examinations.
Therapy can be prescribed only by a doctor!
There are many contraindications to this therapy (HRT cannot be used): if you or your family has had breast cancer, endometrial cancer, melanoma, any forms of inherited and acquired thrombophilia, autoimmune diseases, diseases of the liver and biliary tract, bleeding from the genital tract, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, or progressive diseases of the cardiovascular system.
Preparations for menopause
"Feminal". Contains red clover extract, helps to eliminate estrogen deficiency and reduces the severity of hot flashes.
"Klimadinon". Also contributes to the elimination of estrogen deficiency and reduce the severity of hot flashes. The composition includes an extract of racimosa zimitsifugi.
"Chi-Klim". Helps eliminate estrogen deficiency, reduce the severity of hot flashes. The composition includes an extract of racimosa zimitsifugi.
"Lefem". Contributes to the completion of the lack of estrogen in the body, reduces the severity of symptoms that occur during menopause.
"Red Brush". Normalizes the hormonal balance in the body, reduces the severity of menopause symptoms, helps strengthen the immune system, increases efficiency, protects against the development of cancer, helps cleanse the blood.
Tribestan. It has a stimulating effect on the reproductive system, helps to reduce the severity of symptoms of menopause. Has a tonic effect, enhances sexual desire. Effectively lowers blood cholesterol.
"ESTROVEL". It is used to relieve symptoms of menopause.
ESTROVEL also helps to eliminate estrogen deficiency, reduce the severity of hot flashes, correct the psycho-emotional state, reduce the risk of estrogen-dependent tumors, normalize hematological parameters, immune correction, prevent osteoporosis, and eliminate vitamin deficiency (vitamin deficiency). The composition of the drug includes: extract of cimicifuga racimoza, soybean, wild yam root, indole-3-carbinol, nettle leaf extract, boron, vitamin E, vitamin B6, folic acid, amino acids (5-hydroxytryptophan, D, L-phenylalanine).
"Ovariamin". Complex biologically active drug. Helps restore ovarian function during menopause.
"Inoklim". It has an estrogen-like effect, helps to prevent and reduce the intensity of menopause symptoms. The drug has no side effects.
"Epifamin". It contributes to the normalization of hormonal metabolism in the body, corrects the work of the immune system, regulates blood clotting, stimulates blood formation. It also helps to improve well-being, improves performance, normalizes the psycho-emotional state, effectively eliminates such symptoms as insomnia, headaches, dizziness.
Folk remedies for menopause
Herbal collection. Take herbs: 20 g of fragrant woodruff, 20 g of motherwort, 15 g of dried marsh forage, 10 g of hawthorn flowers, 25 g of blackberry leaves. Crush and mix all herbs. Brew as a simple tea. Such a collection is necessary to drink 1.5-2 weeks and the result will be noticeable. Symptoms of menopause will decrease, headaches will disappear.
In this tea, you can also add 15 g of mistletoe leaves. Mistletoe tea is necessary to drink 1 l per day. Nerves calm down, normal heart function.
Beet Juice Squeeze the beet juice and leave to stand for 5 minutes. Add carrot juice to it or dilute with water and drink.
Beet juice definitely need to start drinking with very small doses, and also it must be diluted with water or carrot juice.
Valerian root. Take 1 tbsp. spoonful of crushed valerian root and pour 1 cup boiling water. Let steep for 2 hours. Drink 0.5 glass 2 times a day every day (morning and evening).
Salvia officinalis 1-2 tbsp. spoon sage pour 2 cups boiling water and leave to infuse. This is the daily rate that you need to drink during the day (contraindicated in acute nephritis and pregnancy).
Lemon. Grind lemons (with the skin) in a meat grinder. The shell of 5 chicken eggs, grind to a state of powder. Mix and let it brew for 7 days. Take 3 times a day and 1 tbsp. spoon for a month.
Walnut partitions. Возьмите перегородки от 5 грецких орехов и залейте на ночь 1 стаканом холодной воды. Утром прокипятите пару минут, дайте настояться минут 10, процедите и выпейте натощак.
Боярышник. 3 tbsp.spoon hawthorn flowers pour 3 cups of boiling water. Take 1 glass 3 times a day.
Blackberry. Just eat blackberries and brew tea from it.
Cabbage. 1 hour before bedtime, squeeze and drink 0.5 cups of fresh white cabbage juice.
Herbal bath Take in equal proportions of grass: calamus root, yarrow, thyme, oregano, pine buds, sage and bitter wormwood (wormwood slightly more than the other herbs). Grind and mix. In 3 liters of boiling water, add 10 tbsp. spoons of herbal and boil a little. Add to the bathroom with water and lie in it for 10 minutes.
Aromatherapy. Oils that help alleviate the symptoms of menopause: peppermint, jasmine, bergamot, frankincense, rose, cypress, lavender, sage, rosemary and violet leaf oil. Add them a couple of drops in a warm bath or in the upper bowl of the oil burner to the water.
Climax in women - symptoms, signs, treatment
Climax (menopause) - a post-reproductive period in a woman's life, characterized by the extinction of sexual and reproductive function. Climax - a genetically determined hormonal transformation of the body. The combination of symptoms accompanying menopause, called menopausal syndrome.
Early menopause is also called ovarian exhaustion syndrome. Climax - a natural restructuring of the body of a woman, which normally occurs at the age of 46-52 years. However, there are cases of early onset of menopause (up to 36 years) and late onset of menopause (after 60 years).
Regardless of the age at which menopause occurs, this condition is accompanied by a number of characteristic symptoms and signs. Menopause is not a disease, disorder or dysfunction of the body systems, respectively, to treat, resist or prevent this condition is impossible. Recently, doctors are talking about the possibility of delaying menopause.
But reliable methods of therapy, contributing to the extension of reproductive function and the delay of menopause, are not yet known.
Menopause is characterized by a decrease in the production of sex hormones in a woman’s body, a decrease in the response of the ovaries to sex hormones produced by the pituitary gland. In the period of menopause, the menstrual cycle fails, anovulatory menstrual cycles prevail, which significantly reduces the woman's ability to conceive.
In the period of menopause standard distinguish 3 phases:
- Premenopause is a prolonged phase of menopause, characterized by a decrease in female fertility. Despite a significant decrease in fertile function, a woman in the period of premenopause is still capable of conceiving and carrying a child,
- Menopause - there are several interpretations of this concept. Menopause is considered as the period of the last menstruation in the life of a woman, and the last menstruation itself. Diagnose menopause if after the last menstruation at least 12 months have passed,
- Postmenopause - the phase of menopause, coming after the last menstruation and lasting to the end of life.
Factors affecting the onset of menopause in women
Certain factors directly or indirectly affect the onset of menopause in women. It is believed that the main factors contributing to the early onset of menopause in women are:
- Genetic predisposition, heredity (number of follicles in the ovaries, follicular synthesis of hormones, functions of the hypothalamus and pituitary),
- Chronic diseases (hormonal imbalances of the organism, cardiovascular disorders, diabetes mellitus, thyroid gland pathology, oncological diseases and radiation therapy),
- Geographical factor (active sunshine contributes to early menstruation and late menopause),
- Socio-economic factor (according to statistics, for women who are less susceptible to stress, not involved in heavy physical work, with a normalized work schedule and rest, menopause develops much later)
- Behavioral factor (healthy lifestyle, sexual activity),
- Psychological factors (stress, nervous disorders, mental disorders, emotional instability contribute to the early onset of menopause).
Signs of menopause
The first signs of menopause are not associated with the extinction of reproductive function, since the symptoms of this period are of a general nature for a number of reproductive disorders. Early signs of menopause and their manifestations are purely individual. The main signs of menopause, allowing to determine its beginning, can be neurovegetative and psycho-emotional nature.
Neurovegetative signs of menopause include:
- Episodic flushes (alternating sensation of fever and chill),
- Excessive sweating
- Cardiovascular disorders (tachycardia, cardialgia, blood pressure instability),
- Frequent headaches, migraines, dizziness.
Psycho-emotional signs of menopause include:
- Unreasonable irritability,
- Fatigue, lethargy, depression,
- Mood swings,
- Impaired attention and memory
- Sleep disturbance,
- Decreased libido.
It is erroneous to believe that these signs of menopause indicate depression of sexual and reproductive function in 100% of cases.
Manifestation of these symptoms in conjunction with changes in the menstrual cycle (scanty menstrual bleeding, irregularity of the cycle, change in the symptoms of the premenstrual syndrome) is a reason to consult a gynecologist and endocrinologist.
Signs of early menopause should be differentiated from other disorders (pathologies of the pituitary, thyroid, psychological disorders).
Climax: symptoms and risks
In addition to early signs of menopause, the symptoms accompanying this process can be of a physical and psycho-emotional nature.
When menopause symptoms occur as follows:
- Changes in the mucous membranes (also genitals) with their frequent inflammation, dryness,
- Dysfunctional uterine bleeding,
- Dysfunction of the urinary system (frequent urination, urinary incontinence, inflammation),
- Frequent inflammatory processes of the vagina of bacterial origin,
- Atrophy of the vaginal mucosa,
- Metabolic syndrome (metabolic disorders, weight gain),
- Osteoporosis (brittleness of bone tissue), which develops as a result of calcium metabolism,
- Cardiovascular diseases,
- Alzheimer's disease.
Climax: treatment, prevention
When menopause occurs, treatment is focused on the normalization of the functions of body systems that are subject to restructuring during this period. So, during menopause treatment involves a general tonic, symptomatic, hormonal therapy, psychotherapy.
Climax is not a disease, it is a natural process of the body. At the heart of menopause treatment, hormone replacement therapy is used to replenish ovarian function insufficiency.
Climax can not be prevented or prevented. However, this inevitable period in life can be prepared. A healthy lifestyle, good nutrition, physical activity, normal mental and emotional state will help to avoid the severe manifestation of menopause symptoms and it is easier to go through the period of restructuring and adaptation of the body.