Causes of pain in the ovaries after menstruation


The female reproductive system is an incredibly delicate part of the body and is easily influenced by negative factors. Many girls had various deviations from the norm in the menstrual cycle and sensations during it. Which ones are acceptable and which ones are considered pathology? In this matter it is impossible to focus on the features of the menstrual cycle of relatives or girlfriends. Symptoms should be treated seriously and distinguish between dangerous and normal ones. How to understand this question will prompt this article.

What exactly hurts?

First you need to understand the pain of the uterus or ovaries during menstruation. It is also necessary to distinguish the pain in them from the diseases of other organs not related to the reproductive system.

To understand the whining of the ovary or something else, you need to figure out where the internal genital organs of a woman are. The gonads and uterus are compactly located in the lower abdomen of a woman. Their location is below the waist, on the line of the pelvic bones or slightly higher. The ovaries are attached to the uterus on both sides. Right more left, larger and higher located. The left one, on the contrary, is lowered below and is a little closer to the uterus. Such proportions and features of placement in the body are natural and do not affect the functioning of the reproductive system. Assuming that the ovary hurts, you need to focus on the location of the organs in the body. The pain is very different in strength and features. It moves a little further from the location of the organ. Feelings pain of the genital glands, from the side of the abdomen and from the side of the waist. These nuances are due to the distinctive features of specific diseases and conditions.

Ovulatory pain

Data discomfort is not a deviation from the norm. When a girl starts ovulation - the egg matures and falls into the fallopian tubes. When it moves out of the follicle, pain arises. Additional symptoms of ovulation are weakness and mild nausea.

Feels pain like paroxysmal tingling or cutting sensations. Lasts not long - from an hour to two days. Painful ovulation is more characteristic for the right organ than for the left one. This is due to the fact that it is more supplied with blood and is located next to the appendix. Normally, this discomfort is not a sign of the need to consult a doctor. The exception is if the sensations are strong, which is a sign of additional health problems. It is also necessary to be wary, if vomiting has begun, the temperature has greatly increased or the pain does not go away after two days.

Many believe that menstruation and ovulation are incompatible events, but this is not the case. Ovaries - paired organs and ovulation does not occur simultaneously in both. Normally, it begins 14 days before menstruation in one ovary. The second one ripens in exactly one month, and right during menstruation. This difference depends on the characteristics of the female body. Sometimes the ability of the eggs to mature 2 times per month is explainable by genetic predisposition or the reason for hormonal surges. Therefore, if the monthly or left ovary hurts, the problem is probably in the natural state of the body. An important feature - a sign of ovulation is pain in one ovary during menstruation. If the discomfort in both organs - you need to look for other causes of pain.

Hormonal disbalance

Conditionally not a dangerous cause of pain of the sex glands during menstruation can be called hormonal disorders in the body. If these pains occur for the first time, it is not dangerous. Causes of hormonal failure:

  • stresses
  • contraceptive use
  • menopause
  • recent childbirth
  • unhealthy diet or lifestyle choices
  • increased physical exertion
  • diseases.

Hormonal failure is absolutely normal for adolescents, whose body is tuned and puberty is not fully completed. In a negative way, hormonal failure is one of the criteria for identifying other diseases of the reproductive system, so if the discomfort often recurs or becomes unnecessarily unpleasant, you need to visit a gynecologist.

What are the symptoms of hormonal failure? To distinguish hormonal failure from other reasons for which the sex glands hurt, you should pay attention to the following symptoms:

  • monthly unstable,
  • frequent mood swings and gratuitous irritation,
  • sudden weight gain
  • sleep disturbance and as a result severe fatigue,
  • low libido,
  • deterioration of the appearance of the hair and their loss.

Of course, the symptoms do not all appear at the same time, but the presence of several of them helps to identify one of the causes of pain in the ovaries.

Discomfort after surgery

Although surgery is not the norm for the body, if after it the ovary hurts, it is natural. If the pain is light, aching - there is nothing to worry about. See a doctor is necessary if the pain is too strong. The doctor will prescribe painkillers and check the patient's condition.

Pain in the ovaries as a sign of illness

Unlike previous situations such pains should be feared. If you experience the symptoms described below, be sure to be examined by a doctor. Pain in the female genital glands is a symptom of various diseases.

For tumors, one organ most often suffers. The pain in this case is constant, increases by the time of menstruation. Additional symptoms of the disease - fever, mood swings and increased sweating.

If before the menstruation and during their onset an ovary hurts, a cyst could form on it. More often this disease affects the left organ. A cyst refers to the condition of the ovary when its membrane thickens and prevents the egg cell from escaping. The shell is filled with fluid, it becomes large and interferes with the normal functioning of the organs nearby. In addition to pain, the girl experiences the following symptoms:

  • nausea,
  • ovulation bleeding,
  • irregular periods,
  • discomfort increases with physical activity.

Important. A cyst is a serious disease that requires a visit to a doctor. In some cases, it causes the formation of tumors. Particularly severe cases of cysts are treated surgically.


With various inflammatory processes, discomfort increases during menstruation. As in previous cases, pain occurs throughout the entire cycle, and not only during menstruation.

Inflammatory processes are very different:

  • Adnexitis is an inflammation of the ovary. The peculiarity of the disease - the pain is felt not only in the stomach, but also in the back or leg.
  • Oophoritis is an inflammation of the appendages. Usually it is a sharp attack of severe pain.
  • Peritonitis is an inflammation of many organs in the abdominal cavity. In this case, the whole stomach hurts, and not just its bottom.

Diseases characteristic of a particular ovary

Sometimes, depending on whether the right ovary or the left one hurts, some features of the disease can be suggested.

If the ovary hurts on the left sometimes or during menstruation, the problem is related to the intestines. Various diseases and conditions in which the intestines are inflamed, swollen or overfilled, can affect the sensations in the ovary, creating pressure on it.

If the menstruation increases pain in the right ovary, it turns out that it is not he who hurts at all, but the organs of the urinary system. These may be kidney or bladder diseases.

Important. In this case, going to the doctor is important for diagnosing the problem and prescribing adequate treatment.

Why do ovaries hurt after a period of menstruation

If the pain in the ovaries after menstruation does not go away - this is a sign of such diseases and conditions:

  • Changing the location of the reproductive organs. If the internal genitals, for some reason, have grown and become heavier, their ligaments can stretch. They can also press on other organs and cause discomfort.
  • If, after menstruation, the left ovary is severely sore, this indicates chronic inflammation of the appendages in the left side. The left side is more located to oophoritis than the right. And the fact that the pain continues even after menstruation indicates a prolonged inflammatory process.
  • Endometriosis. A disease in which the internal cells of the uterus begin to grow outside. They can grow on the ovaries.
  • Pregnancy outside the uterus. Menstruation is not always a sign that the pregnancy has not occurred. This type of pregnancy is unnatural and dangerous for women.

When is it best to see a doctor?

If the pain in the lower abdomen is sharp and not relieved by painkillers, this is definitely the reason for an urgent appeal to the doctor. In the case of prolonged, but not severe pain, a visit to the doctor is also necessary. During the month to go to the gynecologist does not make sense. This will not only be uncomfortable for the woman, but will also prevent the doctor from examining and taking tests. The best time to visit a doctor is from 7th to 15th day of the cycle.

What do ovary pain after menstruation

After the end of the critical days, the hormonal background is stabilized. The state of health during the given period, as a rule, essentially improves. If there is a chronic disease in the history, then these days they can worsen, which explains why the ovaries hurt during menstruation and after them.

There are many pathologies provoking the appearance of pain. Identify them at home is impossible. However, you need to know the main clinical manifestations of the disease in order to quickly notice the irregularities in the body and go for help to a gynecologist.

Ovarian Endometriosis

This is a serious pathology in which there is a proliferation of the surface of the uterine layer (endometrium) beyond the limits of the genital organ. These tissues penetrate the appendages and continue to grow in them.

In addition, the paired organs themselves in certain periods of the cycle increase in size and exert pressure on the uterus. In this regard, there is pain in the ovary after menstruation.

The development of ovarian endometriosis is often due to hormonal imbalances. This disease is characterized by impaired reproductive function. The cycle becomes irregular, critical days come late. In addition, the woman begins to notice that after her menstruation the left ovary hurts, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea appear, and her general condition worsens.

Ovarian cysts

Cysts can form on any of the appendages. This process is due to the thickening of the shell of the organ and the inability to exit from it of the ovum. In addition to pain, there are clinical manifestations such as nausea, frequent urination, cycle failure and the appearance of blood discharge outside the menstruation period.

Another cause of pain may be apoplexy. At the same time, the vessels are damaged and the outflow of blood is observed. The main symptoms of apoplexy are sharp pains in the ovaries, which do not disappear throughout the cycle, as well as dizziness, hyperthermia and chills.

Oophoritis is considered to be one of the most common inflammatory diseases affecting the reproductive system. Its development is due to the penetration of a viral infection into the body, excessive physical exertion, stress and immunosuppression.

When ovarian inflammation occurs, the following symptoms occur:

  • hyperthermia,
  • pulling pain in the appendages and lower back,
  • the need to abandon intimacy due to the fact that strongly pulls the ovary,
  • purulent discharge from the vagina,
  • frequent urination.

Pathology can cause a serious complication - inflammation of the fallopian tubes.


This is a serious gynecological disease in which the inflammatory process in the fallopian tubes begins. This pathology can occur on its own or against the background of oophoritis. Among the main clinical manifestations of the disease are the following:

  • discomfort in the lower back. In addition, the ovary hurts,
  • genital itching,
  • uncharacteristic discharge from the vagina,
  • painful urination,
  • fatigue and weakness
  • feeling chill.

Adhesions in the pelvis

This is a condition in which the formation of compounds occurs in the small pelvis. Pain appears on the left or on the right, the menstrual cycle is disturbed, conception becomes impossible. Often, at the same time, women complain that they are pulling the right ovary, nausea, vomiting, and body temperature rise.

Causes of disease

There are many reasons for the development of diseases in which there are discomfort in the field of appendages. The inflammatory process in the ovaries can provoke genital infections, chlamydia, mycoplasma. A number of ailments develops on the background of surgical interventions. In this case, a woman can observe unpleasant discharge after menstruation.

Pathological changes in the reproductive system are often observed in women exposed to stress and excessive physical exertion. To provoke this process is able and depression of immunity.

Independently determine the cause of the development of the disease, and it is impossible to diagnose the pathology. Therefore, with the appearance of pain in the ovaries after menstruation, you should seek help from a gynecologist. Only through timely medical assistance will be able to avoid serious consequences and normalize the activity of paired organs.

How intestinal pathology is hidden under women's diseases

The appearance of pain in the region of the appendages is often due to various pathologies of the intestine. For example, in cases of Crohn’s disease (inflammatory disease of the terminal ileum) in women, the right ovary after menstruation hurts. On the left side the pain is not felt.

Intestinal infections initially manifest dull pain, which is felt on most of the peritoneum. After a time, it is localized in the region of the appendages.

In the case of ischemic colitis, in which there is a blockage or a violation of the patency of the venous vessels in the intestinal region, the left ovary is often pulled. Therefore, the cause of unpleasant symptoms are often trying to find in gynecological diseases.

Pain syndrome, clearly manifested in the field of appendages after the critical days - this is an alarming signal. Such changes in the body are the reason for the immediate visit to the gynecologist. Only if the cause of the unpleasant symptoms is promptly identified and eliminated, can undesirable complications be avoided. Lack of therapy, in turn, can lead to infertility. In some cases, drug treatment is not enough and urgent surgery is needed.

Why pain in the ovaries

The reproductive system of the female body is much more complex than the male. This is due to the fact that in the case of the representatives of the weaker half of humanity, we need to talk about a much more impressive load on her, because, unlike a man, the girl will have to bear the fruit, and for this to do so, appropriate conditions should be created.

Any, even the most minimal violation of the functionality of this system leads to a deterioration in the health of not only the genitals, but also of the whole organism. From his point of view, the release of an unfertilized egg in the form of menstruation is the same disorder as various inflammatory and infectious processes, since the essence of the existence of eggs in general is in their "meeting" with the sperm cell and the formation of a new life. That is why menstruation is traditionally accompanied by painful sensations, but this is completely normal. However, this does not apply to cases when ovaries are sick during menstruation. Here it is necessary to urgently consult a doctor. Any, even a reasoned delay, can lead to disastrous consequences, in the form of severe inflammation or even infertility.

As you know, immediately after the end of menstruation, the state of the female body stabilizes - the functions of the reproductive system are restored, and the hormonal background is normalized. After two weeks, as a rule, the ovulatory cycle begins - the mature egg leaves the bursting follicle and “moves” into the uterus, where it will wait for the long-awaited “meeting” with the sperm cell. The process of leaving the ovary is often accompanied by a pulling, but not too strong and long, pain.

Accordingly, pain in this place does not always indicate the presence of any problems with the genitals. To exclude this possibility, it is imperative to examine your own menstrual cycle, and know exactly when ovulation occurs.

Problems directly with the ovaries

But if the ovaries hurt during menstruation, it has nothing to do with ovulation. Most likely, the reason lies in the following:

  • stable premenstrual syndrome. PMS is common to most women. Its presence is not an invention of the fair half of humanity, but a scientifically proven fact. It occurs due to the sharp growth of hormones in the blood, triggered by increased activity of the ovaries. As a result, the mood of the girl changes as often as the weather in early spring. Может развиваться стресс, плавно перетекающий в депрессивное состояние, сохраняющееся даже после окончания месячных.This factor is able to provoke the appearance of pain in the ovaries. To avoid too much premenstrual syndrome, you need to be able to switch to things that raise your mood, and think less about the upcoming critical days,
  • Peritonitis is an acute inflammatory disease that affects many organs of the abdominal cavity, including the ovaries. But in this case, the painful sensations in them arise, as a rule, against the background of the aggravation of various third-party ailments, about which below,
  • ovarian torsion is perhaps the most common cause of pathological pain. Most often, the fallopian tube also changes its position with the appendage. This situation leads to the fact that the body receives much less nutrients due to a sharp deterioration in blood flow. The pain can be very severe, which is incredibly difficult to handle. As a rule, ovarian torsion is the result of considerable physical exertion, to which the female body is not adapted. The treatment is extremely quick.

It should be understood that the pain may not necessarily manifest itself precisely because of the presence of specific diseases or damage of another kind. In some cases, it becomes especially active during menstruation or does not recede even after them. This is almost guaranteed to indicate the presence of various third-party ailments, that is, those that may not necessarily be associated with appendages. If the left ovary hurts during menstruation or right, but not both at the same time - this is also a clear sign that there are serious problems inside the female body.

Third-party diseases

  • Endometriosis

Endometriosis is characterized by the proliferation of uterine tissue, or rather, its surface layer, called endometrium. In this case, the growth is carried out outside the uterus, and not inside it. Consequently, enlarged tissues can easily get inside the ovaries and continue their growth directly into them. In addition, given the ability of the appendages to increase slightly in size after ovulation and menstruation, this can provoke pressure on the same enlarged uterus. As a consequence - the appearance of persistent and unpleasant painful sensations.

Endometriosis usually occurs on the background of hormonal disruption. The most pronounced symptom of this disease is a violation of the menstrual cycle. He can delay for days or even weeks, or not occur at all. It should be noted that in this case, you can easily confuse the usual menstrual flow with uterine bleeding.

Pain in endometriosis is most pronounced in the period of menstruation, although before them the disease in general may not bother a woman in any way. The characteristic symptoms of the complication of the disease during menstruation are constant nausea, vomiting, loose stools, problems with urination, as well as general weakness.

Endometriosis can be cured in a medical way. To do this, your doctor prescribes a course of treatment with hormonal and anti-inflammatory drugs. Immunotherapy is also of great importance. They resort to surgery if overgrown tissue is already too much, which squeezes the surrounding organs, including the ovaries.

If, during menstruation, the right ovary or the left one hurts, this may indicate that cysts have developed in the appendages - small dense spherical elements filled with fluid. Fortunately, such a phenomenon is observed quite rarely, because it almost always leads to the complete loss by the ovaries of their functions and, consequently, to incurable sterility. Symptoms - a sharp pain in the lower back, bloating. Bleeding directly during menstruation is either too small, or vice versa - too much. The menstrual cycle is also disturbed - in some cases it may be absent altogether.

Treatment consists in the immediate restoration of optimal hormonal levels. You can resort to the use of both traditional medicines and popular recipes. Also in the future, a woman can expect surgery to remove a large number of small cysts.

The neoplasm, which is a kind of bag of various sizes, filled with pus, serous fluid, residues of the endometrium of the uterus, etc., can appear not only inside the appendage, but also on its outer shell, as well as in the place where the ovary is connected to the fallopian tube.

Contrary to popular belief, a cyst carries a significant health hazard. Mild forms can resolve themselves, for example, immediately after the end of menstruation, others continue to grow, eventually turning into a malignant tumor.

  • pains are characterized by a temperament, aggravated by an attempt to defecate, have sexual intercourse, or immediately before menstruation. There is also an increase in the pain factor as a result of pressing on the stomach in the lower part,
  • if during menstruation the right ovary hurts, which is accompanied by bleeding from the vagina outside the cycle, this also indicates the presence of a cyst,
  • there is a violation of the menstrual cycle, the woman is often sick and vomiting, constantly having a headache.

The cyst can be cured at home. It is recommended to take a decoction of the root of Chernobyl. It needs to be crushed, take one tablespoon, mix with two glasses of water and cook for 15 minutes. Reception - three tablespoons before meals.

The heater also shows good performance. It should be applied to the side where the pain is felt most. In no case can not use the heating pad during or before the critical days, as this may cause increased bleeding.

It should be understood that the above methods are relevant only if the tumor has small dimensions and appeared relatively recently.

If the cyst is already too big and old, the only correct way to get rid of the problem is prompt treatment.

Problems with the ovaries, which are inflammatory, occur very often. This is largely due to the fact that women often neglect the elementary rules for protecting their own health, including the health of the reproductive system.

With all this, inflammatory diseases are very dangerous. Almost every fifth woman becomes fruitless after suffering an illness. Therefore, if the problem could not be avoided, and the left ovary after menstruation hurts, it is necessary to determine the origin of the inflammation and develop an effective method of its treatment. The sooner it is started, the higher the chances of a positive outcome.

The most common inflammatory diseases are oophoritis and adnexitis. Oophoritis can appear as a result of infection of the body with appropriate pathogens, by the type of viruses, all sorts of colds, too much physical exertion, a stressful state, as well as a decrease in the protective functions of the immune system. In turn, adnexitis is traditionally considered to be a disease that develops under the influence of pathogenic microorganisms - staphylococci, Candida, chlamydia, Escherichia coli, etc.

Typical symptoms of inflammation of the appendages:

  • increase in body temperature
  • constant nagging pain in the lower abdomen, in some cases they may radiate to the lumbar region,
  • the impossibility of sexual intercourse, due to severe pain,
  • discharge with purulent components and the corresponding odor,
  • violation of urination.

If there is an inflammatory process, then during menstruation, the left ovary or the right ovary is painful, or even both, if inflammation is noted both there and there. One of the complications of oophoritis is inflammation of the fallopian tubes - the so-called salpingitis, which can lead to obstruction.

Pain during inflammation of the ovaries is especially active in the period after the end of critical days. In some cases, it may be unbearable. If you do not treat inflammation immediately after its appearance, the disease can turn into a chronic stage. As a consequence, the development of a number of gynecological problems, which will be very difficult to get rid of. In addition, chronic inflammation threatens a woman with nerve disorders.

Treatment is prescribed depending on the form of the disease. Its classic course can be cured at home by using appropriate anti-inflammatory drugs. If the acute stage of the disease is noted, the patient is hospitalized, he is prescribed a strict bed rest, as well as a course of treatment with antibiotics and immunity-enhancing drugs.

The chronic form of inflammation can lead to the fact that a woman will need to remove one of the affected appendages, or even two. As a result - infertility.

The pain in the ovaries after menstruation in no case can not be ignored. They may indicate that you have serious health problems, particularly with the reproductive system. It is strongly recommended to immediately contact a specialist physician.

Body structure

The body is a connecting fiber, tightly intertwined with arteries, capillaries and vessels. On average, the volume of one ovary is 8 cm3, but during the menstrual cycle this size may vary.

The ovaries are on the sides of the pelvis. They connect with the fallopian tubes. The feeling of pain in the ovaries after menstruation makes itself felt because the ligaments with these tubes are penetrated by nerve fibers.

These bodies can undergo changes throughout life, in particular, there are two types of development of changes:

  • Irreversible - follicle secretion and egg maturation,
  • Regular - changes within one menstrual cycle.

Pain after menstruation

Before the onset of menstruation, the hormonal background of a woman undergoes several changes. The corpus luteum actively produces estrogen, the body prepares for future fertilization. When fertilization does not occur, menstruation begins. And at the end of their hormonal balance returns to normal.

It is precisely these days that symptoms of chronic diseases and pathological changes can appear. These include:

  • Displacement of the reproductive organs - it may be due to active drug therapy for infertility, hormonal contraception, or is a congenital anatomical feature. When consuming hormonal drugs, the reproductive organs somewhat increase in size, they can exert pressure on neighboring organs and mucous membranes penetrated by nerves.
  • The instability of the psychological state. Since the menstrual cycle does not pass without a change in the hormonal background, a woman may experience despondency, insomnia, anxiety, and fear. Depressive conditions can cause a decrease in the activity of hormonal organs. In this case, the ovaries can get sick suddenly and calm down just as quickly if the root cause is eliminated.
  • Endometriosis. This disease is characterized by excessive separation of the uterine endometrium, its growth. At the same time, the endometrium may be in the fallopian tubes, and in the ovaries. This can trigger pressure on the neural networks from the inside.
  • Ectopic pregnancy. Despite the fact that the period still began, the development of the ovum in the fallopian tube often makes itself felt much later.
  • Peritonitis. Inflammatory lesions in the abdominal region are manifested by the fact that after menstruation, the entire area in the lower abdomen hurts. Peritonitis occurs against the background of diseases aggravated during menstruation - cysts, tumors, hemorrhages into the cavity of the ovary.

Left pain

The general reasons for which pain may occur in both ovaries after the end of menstruation were listed. Some patients complain that the ovary on the left is sore and only he is alone.

Even when the above violations affect both ovaries, some of them can be localized and affect the left one. In this area of ​​the peritoneum are the intestines and urinary system. Because pain in the left ovary can be a symptom:

  • Oophoritis, an inflammation that most often affects the left ovary, pain has a paroxysmal character,
  • Cysts - accumulations of fluid in a small oval, exerting pressure on the ovary,
  • Apoplexy - outpouring of blood into the cavity of the ovary.

In this case, symptoms and pain syndrome are more pronounced than with a similar diagnosis for the right organ, since the intestine is located nearby. The pain will be more pronounced with swelling of the intestine, passing through it fecal masses.

Right pains

If, after menstruation, the right ovary hurts, the reasons may be hiding in the same diseases as for the left. But there are several conditions more characteristic of the right ovary and pain in it:

  • Apoplexy - damage to the vessels in the right ovary, due to infection, inflammatory focus, severe physical exertion. Most often occurs in the right ovary for the reason that it feeds on the large artery.
  • Appendicitis - developing inflammation of the appendix can also be given to pain in the area of ​​the right ovary.

Also, pain for both ovaries can also occur due to an increase in the size of the uterus, which exerts external pressure on organs and displaces them somewhat. This condition is accompanied by acute pain and requires medical assistance.


A serious violation, which may be accompanied by pain after menstruation, is an outpouring of blood. It occurs due to vascular damage, excessive physical exertion, as a complication of the inflammatory processes of the pelvic organs.

Most often observed in the right ovary. Symptoms of apoplexy are sharp pains in the ovary during the entire menstrual cycle, which can give to the lower back, groin, rectum. Pale skin, dizziness, vomiting and nausea, chills, and fever may also indicate organ apoplexy.

If pain develops, the body temperature rises, and the condition becomes worse, immediate help is required to prevent the development of intra-abdominal bleeding.

Therapeutic measures

Independent treatment of pain syndrome is possible only when it is caused by anatomical features, or the pain is provoked by a cyst and special gynecologists are prescribed special drugs. In all other cases, it is recommended to contact a specialist and eliminate the root causes.

In addition, it is recommended to measure, smooth movement, lack of physical activity. Painkillers may be taken. It is advisable to consult with a doctor to avoid sexual contact, stress, lack of sleep, eat fully.

Pain and impaired menstruation, which lasts the entire month, regardless of the day of the cycle, require diagnosis of the pelvic organs, ultrasound, additional blood and urine tests, as they can be caused by gastrointestinal diseases, only giving pain to the pelvic area.

Etiology of the disease

After the end of menstruation, the work of the reproductive system is normalized, the hormonal background is stabilized, and the woman feels great. A few days after the end of menstruation, the period of ovulation begins - the most favorable time for conception. At this time, the body is most ready for future pregnancy.

Pain that affects the ovaries after menstruation is not always a precursor to a serious illness, but it is nevertheless necessary to pay attention to this.

Pain in the ovaries can occur for the following reasons:

  1. Changing the position and size of the ovaries. A similar situation may occur in the treatment of infertility or another disease with the help of hormonal drugs. Hormones stimulate the ovaries and they gradually begin to increase in size. Increases the load on the ligaments of the ovaries and fallopian tubes. This is where the pain comes from.
  2. Premenstrual syndrome. Ovaries during menstruation significantly affect the hormones. Because of the hormonal "storm" a woman has a dramatic mood swings, she is constantly under stress. Against this background, a depressive state may occur, which continues after the end of menstruation and causes pain in the ovaries.
  3. Peritonitis. In inflammatory diseases of the peritoneum, pain can occur in a variety of circumstances. The ovaries hurt in this case only when the disease has already begun: inflammation of the ovaries, the appearance and twisting of the leg of an ovarian cyst.

Most pain occurs in diseases, but it can also occur in the process of ovulation itself. Depending on whether the right ovary hurts during menstruation or after or left, you can talk about the causes and symptoms of the disease. For example, with a cyst, adnexitis, oophoritis, as a rule, the left ovary hurts.

Signs of endometriosis

With endometriosis, the inner layer of the uterus, the endometrium, begins to grow pathologically. This does not occur within the body itself, but beyond. The expanding endometrium can move to the organs of the urinary system and nearby genitals.

The main cause of endometriosis is hormonal imbalance. The main symptom of endometriosis is a violation of the menstrual cycle. Кровотечения могут быть нерегулярными или отсутствовать продолжительное время. При данном заболевании менструальные кровотечения можно легко спутать с маточными.

Pain in the ovaries after menstruation during endometriosis may occur due to the ingress of endometrial tissue into the ovary and their gradual proliferation. After menstruation, the ovaries slightly increase in size and put pressure on foreign tissues. Because of this, there is pain after menstruation.

With the development of endometriosis, the main symptoms appear in the period of menstruation, which can sometimes be absent for a long time or come several times a month. During menstruation, a woman may experience the following symptoms of endometriosis:

  • strong weakness
  • vomiting and constant nausea
  • problems urinating and stool.

If the endometrium damages the blood vessels near the uterus and urinary organs, the discomfort can become quite diverse: from shooting pain in the side to the aching lower abdomen.

Treatment of endometriosis occurs in the case of timely access to a doctor, with the help of drugs, hormone therapy, vitamins. Surgery in the form of cleaning is carried out only with a large proliferation of tissues.

Ectopic pregnancy

Monthly pregnancy may occur, especially with its ectopic development. In such a situation, the fetus is not fixed in the uterus, but in the fallopian tube or any other place.

Monthly with ectopic pregnancy are quite rare and are quite scarce. In ectopic pregnancy, the symptoms coincide with a normal pregnancy in many ways: delay, possible back pain and pulling in the lower abdomen. To detect ectopic pregnancy in the early stages, you can use a pregnancy test. In the case of an ectopic fetus during the first 2 weeks of delay, the test will be negative. This is due to the fact that a very small amount of the hormone hCG is released, to which the test responds.

Ectopic pregnancy is a mortal danger for a woman. When placing the fetus in the fallopian tube, its growth can cause tube rupture and severe bleeding.

In an ectopic pregnancy, a woman may experience the following symptoms:

  • pain in the side, which increases with each passing day,
  • pressure reduction
  • fever,
  • when menstruation occurs, their scarcity, interruptions in discharge and various impurities are observed.

When ectopic pregnancy during menstruation a woman has a strong aversion to food, the breast can be enlarged and painful even after the end of menstruation.

In the early stages of an ectopic pregnancy is removed with the help of special drugs. At later - with the help of laparoscopy. In rare cases, a woman seriously starts her condition. A prolonged or late diagnosed ectopic pregnancy can lead to a complete surgery and the removal of one of the fallopian tubes with the fetus.

After removal of an ectopic pregnancy, the woman recovers pretty quickly. On average, menstruation occurs within a month after the end of treatment. After it, there may be complications in the form of hormonal disruption or uterine bleeding, so it is recommended that you be under medical supervision for some time.

Ectopic pregnancy basically does not affect the reproductive function of a woman, and she may successfully become pregnant in the future and carry out the child.

Ovarian inflammation

If the ovaries hurt during menstruation, this may indicate their inflammation.

Inflammation of the ovaries, or oophoritis, is a serious disease. Every fifth woman after suffering inflammation lost the opportunity to become pregnant.

With oophoritis, both ovaries can be inflamed at the same time, or each in its own way. In some cases, the inflammation of the fallopian tubes, salpingitis, may be added to the inflammation of the ovaries.

There are many reasons why inflammation can develop. But mostly pathogens become bacteria. Staphylococcus, Escherichia coli and Candida can cause oophoritis. In addition, complications during childbirth, the use of the intrauterine device, surgical abortion and other manipulations with penetration into the genitals can cause inflammation.

When inflammation of the ovaries can occur the following symptoms:

  • a sharp rise in body temperature
  • pain in the lower abdomen, in the area of ​​the inflamed organ,
  • violation of urination,
  • severe pain during sexual intercourse,
  • discharge in the form of bleeding with serous or purulent components.

It is necessary to treat inflammation of the ovaries with the appearance of the first symptoms of the disease. Delay may lead to the transition of the disease into a chronic form. This can not only be accompanied by gynecological problems, but also cause nervous disorders in a woman.

Treatment of oophoritis in acute form should occur in the hospital, subject to mandatory bed rest. In the course of treatment, antibiotics and fortifying medications are used. In some cases of chronic inflammation of the ovaries, surgical intervention and removal of one or both organs are necessary.