What are the reasons for heavy periods with blood clots?


03.20.2018 Comments Off on Monthly with clots and mucus: norm or pathology is disabled 176 Views

The menstruation of a healthy young woman is a bloody discharge. Sometimes they include small clots. In the absence of a pathological process, the amount of discharge should not exceed 80 milliliters. If a woman notices that she has gone monthly with clots and mucus, she should consult a doctor. This may signal the development of pathology.

general information

All processes, cycling within the female body, prepare the young lady for motherhood. When the egg comes out of the ovary, the uterus is ready to receive the ovum. The hormones involved in the formation of the placenta are intensively produced. If conception does not occur, the endometrium is rejected, the menstrual cycle begins.

Menstrual flow only thirty percent consists of blood. In addition to it, they include the following components:

  • cervical mucus
  • vaginal mucus
  • cells of the inner uterine layer.

If the number of clots not only does not decrease with time, but becomes larger, this can warn of the development of a dangerous process.

Why it happens

Usually, the appearance of menstruation in the form of mucus with blood indicates infection in the body. But there may be other reasons for this condition. The main factors for the emergence of "strange" monthly doctors include the following:

  • development of endometriosis,
  • the presence of an intrauterine device,
  • hormonal changes,
  • presence of congenital uterine pathologies,
  • postpartum period.

Endometriosis development

The main instigator of this pathological condition is hormonal imbalance. However, the causes of endometriosis have not yet been studied. Externally, the pathology manifests itself in the form of menstruation with mucus.

Endometriosis is characterized by a change in the size of the endometrial layer. It grows, and its parts gradually appear in the vagina, often there are pockets of this tissue in the lungs and other organs.

The appearance of vaginal mucus due to flaking of internal tissues. In turn, this occurs against the background of damage to the blood vessels of the circulatory system. The appearance of mucus is combined with a fairly strong pain syndrome. Monthly often "linger" for six to seven days. The menstrual cycle ends with the appearance of light brown secretions.

You can cope with the disease with the help of potent medicines. They should be taken only after visiting the gynecological office in accordance with the recommendations of the doctor.

The presence of intrauterine device

An excellent means of protection against unwanted conception is the intrauterine device. Unfortunately, it has both pluses and quite a few significant drawbacks. The main disadvantage of having an IUD is that the appearance of menstruation with large chunks is called. They contain a certain amount of blood and mucus. If a woman has increased blood clotting, her condition is aggravated.

Hormonal problems

Most of the "female" processes depend on the work of the reproductive system. Of great importance for this is the concentration of sex hormones.

Depending on the phase of the reproductive cycle, there is a change in the amount of estrogen. The body of a woman who does not suffer from this or that disease is able to independently regulate the flow of endocrine processes. But this balance is often broken.

If the volume of comic mucus does not exceed 80 milliliters, there is no reason for excitement. You need to worry about the following symptoms:

  • frequent dizziness,
  • sharp pain in the lower abdomen,
  • unreasonable fatigue even after insignificant loads.

Another alarming sign is a rapid change of mood. Unfortunately, this symptom is ignored by the ladies more often than others. Women believe that mood swings are associated with PMS.

A qualified endocrinologist can help in this case. Examination can reveal a deviation in the functioning of the ovaries and the thyroid gland. In addition, the doctor will establish a malfunction of the pituitary or adrenal glands, if it was.

Congenital uterine pathology

In some women, the uterus may differ in the presence of such individual features:

In addition, the shape of the body may be irregular. Against this background, there may be stagnation of blood in the internal cavity, therefore, the menstruation that comes will be distinguished by the presence of clots or mucus.

Monthly while going on for quite some time. Often a woman complains of a strong pain syndrome. Unfortunately, the patient can only be helped surgically.

Postpartum discharge

Often bloody mucus with lumps appears in women who have recently become mothers. At first, the secretions differ in abundance, and over time their character becomes smearing. Then the state of the newly-made mother comes back to normal.

In addition, we can talk about the slow flow of involutional processes in the uterus. Only timely drug therapy will help here. Usually, women are given medications that activate muscular activity. This allows you to quickly get rid of the alarming symptoms.

If the woman’s condition does not return to normal even after treatment, the reason may be that the fragments of the placenta were not completely removed. Correct the situation in this case will be possible only promptly.

Other provoking factors

Often, the causes of menstruation with clots and mucus are associated with a recent abortion. Uterine walls are damaged by forced curettage. Against this background, there are numerous wounds. There is an accumulation of blood in them, which gradually coagulates and goes out into pieces.

It can also be about too fast blood clotting, which forms large pieces. This condition is often explained by the occurrence of a particular disease. It happens that the reason lies in anemia. But sometimes the pathological discharge is explained by the prolonged use of certain medications.

Often the young lady does not suspect that she will soon become a mother. After fertilization, the ovum may loosely attach to the uterine walls. This provokes rejection of both the placenta and the fetus itself. Very large clots of bloody mucus appear. Often this is accompanied by a fairly strong pain syndrome. Monthly at the same time go longer than usual.

Especially dangerous states

The appearance of menstruation with mucus and clots can be a very dangerous symptom. If a bloody clot resembles a piece of the liver, and its size varies from two to four centimeters, you should not postpone a visit to the doctor. This is especially true when there is severe pain in the lower abdomen.

It should as soon as possible seek help from a doctor when the number of monthly exceeds 80 milliliters. A rather alarming symptom is the appearance of a very long menstruation that has gone beyond the seven-day period.

No less disturbing sign - the presence of strong spasms and other painful sensations. The woman should be alerted by the unpleasant smell of discharge. Particularly dangerous is the "flavor" of meat slop. An urgent need to visit the doctor when leaving the vagina clots yellow-gray shade.

The causes of these conditions are numerous: from hormonal failure to an infectious lesion. However, they all require prompt treatment for medical care.

How can I help

The doctor may prescribe hormonal medication to the patient. They will help restore balance and stop blood flow. These medicines may contain gestagens. Depending on the individual characteristics of the female body and the progress of treatment, the course of therapy varies.

According to the testimony of a woman can be assigned surgery. In addition, the doctor may prescribe a specific diet, excluding meat and store sweets. Exercise at the time of treatment is limited.

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What kind of discharge - the norm?

Every month, the female uterus is prepared for the process of fixing a fertilized egg. This is due to hormonal processes, under the action of which the inner layer thickens - the endometrium in the uterine cavity. If there is no pregnancy, the concentration of hormones that are required to maintain the viability of the fetus, falls. The endometrium is rejected and exited through the genital tract. So, the discharge during menstruation is not only blood, but a mixture that contains mucus, glandular secretions, endometrial particles, sometimes clots, vaginal cells, uterine tissue.

That is why, if the discharge has clots, it does not always mean that you have a pathology. Probably, menstruation passes normally, and there is no cause for concern. After all, this period is required for the death of unwanted endometrial tissues and their removal to the outside. Therefore, they can not be too liquid. The color and consistency are not the same throughout the first days of the cycle.

Sometimes the selection is abundant. Normally, during menstruation, the female body can lose up to 250 ml of blood. When there is more discharge, this is an excess of the norm. Significant blood loss is invariably accompanied by clots - blood clots. Abundant periods with blood clots can signal infectious diseases of the pelvic organs.

The main causes of clotted discharge

If out of the genital tract out clots during menstruation, the reasons why this is so, it is worth looking for, taking into account a number of factors. For example, you sat at work for a long time or got out of bed after a night of sleep, and you went in heavy periods, in which there are clots. The explanation is that in the stagnant position, the blood begins to clot, stagnate, turn into clots. This is quite a standard phenomenon.

This is especially observed when menstruation is abundant. Because in such a case, the anticoagulant enzymes responsible for the process of curbing coagulation simply do not have time to cope with the work. And a little blood coagulates while in the vagina.

Blood clots during menstruation have such reasons, which concern not the reproductive organs, but the health of the whole organism. Speech - on violations of blood coagulation. And because it rolls up directly in the cavity.

Sometimes clots occur if you are sick of something infectious, your body temperature rises. As a rule, this happens with ARVI.

There is too much vitamin B7 in the body. That is why the discharge is abundant and thick.

Diseases and conditions

However, sometimes menstruation with blood clots can have a pathological cause.

  1. Imbalance of hormones. If the endocrine glands work in violation of the norm, then the cycle is unstable. Therefore, at the time when the monthly calendar should begin, abundant, thick brown color is likely to begin.
  2. Uterine fibroids. The peak of the disease is 35-50 years, among women of reproductive age. Myoma is a benign tumor, the formation and development of which are accompanied by problems with the cycle. Usually the discharge is abundant. At the same time in the process of urination and during defecation may be pain. All this is due to the fact that with myoma nodes the area of ​​the endometrium increases, as does the uterus.
  3. Genetically caused malformations of the uterus. Such pathologies include a bend, an intrauterine septum, a one- or two-horned uterus, etc. The output of thick secretions for such abnormal causes is associated with the anomalous structure of the uterus, in which the exit of blood is difficult. Blood coagulation occurs already in the cavity. Monthly painful, as a rule.
  4. Endometriosis. The growth of the endometrium outside the inner layer lining the uterine cavity. Then the menstruation itself is painful. They are longer than usual, secreted a lot. And the cycle is irregular.
  5. Endometrial hyperplasia. When this pathological condition occurs, the growth of the inner uterine layer. The causes of this phenomenon are hypertension, hormonal problems, diabetes and obesity. Then the menstruation proceeds with large clots of a dark shade.
  6. Endometrial polyposis. Accompanied by the growth of the inner lining of the uterus, resembles polyps. Probable thick periods. There is soreness in the lower abdomen, why many people start to worry.

Ectopic pregnancy and post miscarriage / abortion period

Abundant periods with blood clots have other causes associated with pregnancy and the postpartum period. So, within a month after the birth of a child, there may be discharge consisting of blood and clots. Despite the fact that it is not monthly, the process is considered a variant of the norm. If, in addition to such a sign, an increase in body temperature is concerned, there is a high risk that fragments of the placenta remain in the uterus. Seeing a doctor in this case is necessary.

If you have an IUD spiral installed, then during menstruation it is possible that tissue particles are released. This is due to the presence of a foreign body in the uterus. By the way, sometimes during experiments in the intimate sphere, when foreign objects get into the genital tract and are not removed from it in a timely manner, this can also be the reason why menstruation proceeds so.

When is time to go to the doctor?

Menstruation with clots with no visible pathological cause and without pain are not a reason for going to the doctor. If they are regular, and you do not hurt (or moderate pain), then this can be considered a variant of the norm.

Causes of heavy periods with clots should be sought when:

  • menstruation lasts longer than 1 week, blood loss is abundant,
  • If you are planning to become pregnant, are trying to conceive a child, then the discharge may indicate either an ectopic pregnancy (associated with possible symptoms described above), or a miscarriage, in which the discharge is evidence of egg rejection,
  • clots are very large, have an unpleasant smell,
  • when menstruation, everything hurts you very much - there is a risk that hormonal disorders are taking place or there are inflammatory processes in the body.

If there are any pathologies, diagnosis is obligatory in order to understand why this is so. The doctor will prescribe a comprehensive study:

  1. MRI,
  2. Pelvic ultrasound,
  3. cytological, laboratory tests.

The doctor may prescribe iron-containing drugs to normalize the concentration of hemoglobin, which falls during heavy blood loss. In other cases, depending on the cause of the clots, treatment is prescribed by conservative or surgical techniques.

Menstruation may not be the same from cycle to cycle, but alarming deviations from the normal state are an important reason for diagnosis and, possibly, treatment.